Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead National Historic Site of Canada
Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead
Homestead d'Adelaide Hunter Hoodless
Links and documents
1830/01/01 to 1839/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead is an early nineteenth-century one-and-half storey wood-frame farmhouse located in a pastoral setting in the rural community of St. George Ontario. The designation refers to the house on its lot.
Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead was designated a National Historic Site in 1995 for its concrete linkages with the contributions of Adelaide Hunter Hoodless, a champion of maternal feminism, who was instrumental in the founding of the Women’s Institute, the Young Women’s Christian Association, the National Council of Women, the Victorian Order of Nurses, and three faculties of Household Science, and because the rural situation and lack of amenities found in Hoodless’ childhood home speak eloquently to the hard labour and isolation experienced by many rural women in the mid 19th century, a situation Hoodless spent her entire life trying to alleviate.
The heritage value of Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead National Historic Site lies in its direct association with Adelaide Hunter Hoodless, particularly in its role in defining and describing the reason she became a figure of national importance. Its value is expressed by the relatively isolated setting and in its illustration of a typical farm house of mid-to-late nineteenth century Ontario. Adelaide Hunter was born in this house, and lived here until 1881 when she married successful Hamilton furniture manufacturer John Hoodless. Here, as the youngest child in a large farming family raised by a widowed mother, she experienced the hardship and isolation that attracted her to social activism. That experience, together with the loss of her youngest child 1889, inspired her determination and defined the nature of the causes she championed.
Adelaide Hunter Hoodless (1857-1910) herself was recognized by the National Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada in 1959.
Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minute, November 1995.
Key elements contributing to the heritage value of the site include:
- its simple rectangular massing, one-and-half storey, “Ontario cottage” plan;
- its modest scale, balanced definition and broad Georgian proportions;
- its simple vernacular details (prominent central door with overlight, returned eaves, central gable with round-headed window);
- its modest materials (wood and shingle) and frame construction,
- its centre-hall interior plan with a utilitarian disposition of space (large kitchen, slant-roofed bedrooms, first floor sick room, central hall and staircase);
- its modest interior materials and finishes (with decoration restricted to classically inspired moldings);
- archaeological remains of the Hunter Hoodless period (such as the barn, outhouses, porches on the house);
- the isolated rural location of the house, and its setting on a country road within a generous domestic plot with mature trees, lawn and a creek;
- its unobstructed viewscapes to surrounding planted farm fields.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1857/01/01 to 1881/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Building Social and Community Life
- Education and Social Well-Being
- Building Social and Community Life
- Social Movements
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection