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Voltigeurs de Québec Drill Hall National Historic Site of Canada

805 Laurier Avenue East, Québec, Quebec, G1R, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1986/06/16

The symmetrically organized entry facade with central arched doorway flanked by pinnacled circular towers facing the parade square.; Source: Andrew Waldron, Parks canada, 2014.
Central arched doorway flanked by towers.
View of buttresses creating a regular definition of bays, faux gun embrasures on the ground level and elaborate French Renaissance-style windows breaking the eave line at the second storey.; Source: Andrew Waldron, Parks Canada, 2014.
Detail of buttresses, bays and towers.
Detail of masonry and Renaissance-style windows breaking the eave line at the second storey.; Source: Andrew Waldron, Parks Canada, 2014.
Detail of masonry and Renaissance-style windows.

Other Name(s)

Voltigeurs de Québec Drill Hall National Historic Site of Canada
Voltigeurs de Québec Drill Hall
Manège militaire Voltigeurs de Québec
Grande Allée Drill Hall
Manège militaire de la Grande-Allée

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1887/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/01/17

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Manège militaire Voltigeurs de Québec is a large Chateau-style armoury located at 805 ave. Wilfrid-Laurier in Québec City. Situated just outside the old city walls at the edge of the Plains of Abraham, the drill hall overlooks its original parade square with which it is inextricably linked. The building’s fanciful design, with high pitched roof, stone walls and pinnacled turrets has made it a Canadian architectural icon.

Heritage Value

Manège militaire Voltigeurs de Québec was designated a National Historic Site in 1986 because it is the precursor of the Chateau Style in Canada.

The heritage value of Manège militaire Voltigeurs de Québec National Historic Site of Canada resides in its physical manifestation of those design elements that have come to be considered hallmarks of the Canadian Chateau style of architecture. The Manège militaire Voltigeurs de Québec was designed by Quebec architect Eugène-Étienne Taché for Canada’s Department of Public Works and was completed in 1887 in a style intended to evoke the Renaissance-era chateaux of France. Unique among Canadian drill halls, it emphasized the French roots of Quebec City. The drill hall received an addition in 1913.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minute,1986; Commemorative Integrity Statement, 2004.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that contribute to the heritage value of this site include:
- its setting at the edge of the Plains of Abraham and in front of the parade square;
- its long, rectangular massing with square, pyramidally roofed end pavilions;
- its steep hipped roof enlivened by chimneys, dormers and cresting;
- its symmetrically organized entry facade with central arched doorway flanked by pinnacled circular towers, buttresses creating a regular definition of bays, faux gun embrasures on the ground level and elaborate French Renaissance-style windows breaking the eave line at the second storey;
- the high level of craftsmanship evident in the exuberant detailing, metal and masonry work;
- its construction technology using a complex wooden roof truss system spanning solid masonry walls;
- the functional layout of the interior with a large open volume and smaller support spaces located in the southern part of the building and in the end pavilions.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1986/06/16

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1913/01/01 to 1913/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Military and Defence
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Defence
Armoury or Drill Hall

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

681

Status

Published

Related Places

General view

Grande Allée Drill Hall

Situated along on the historic Plains of Abraham facing Place Georges V, the Manège de la Grand Allée is a huge building designed in a romantic Chateau style. The exterior…

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