Grande Allée Drill Hall National Historic Site of Canada
805 Laurier Avenue East, Québec, Quebec, G1R, Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Grande Allée Drill Hall is a large Chateau-style armoury located at 805 ave. Wilfrid-Laurier in Québec City. Situated just outside the old city walls at the edge of the Plains of Abraham, the drill hall overlooks its original parade square with which it is inextricably linked. The building’s fanciful design, with high pitched roof, stone walls and pinnacled turrets has made it a Canadian architectural icon.
Grande Allée Drill Hall was designated a National Historic Site in 1986 because it is the precursor of the Chateau Style in Canada.
The heritage value of Grande Allée Drill Hall National Historic Site of Canada resides in its physical manifestation of those design elements that have come to be considered hallmarks of the Canadian Chateau style of architecture. The Grande Allée Drill Hall was designed by Quebec architect Eugène-Étienne Taché for Canada’s Department of Public Works and was completed in 1887 in a style intended to evoke the Renaissance-era chateaux of France. Unique among Canadian drill halls, it emphasized the French roots of Quebec City. The drill hall received an addition in 1913.
Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minute,1986; Commemorative Integrity Statement, 2004.
Key elements that contribute to the heritage value of this site include:
- its setting at the edge of the Plains of Abraham and in front of the parade square;
- its long, rectangular massing with square, pyramidally roofed end pavilions;
- its steep hipped roof enlivened by chimneys, dormers and cresting;
- its symmetrically organized entry facade with central arched doorway flanked by pinnacled circular towers, buttresses creating a regular definition of bays, faux gun embrasures on the ground level and elaborate French Renaissance-style windows breaking the eave line at the second storey;
- the high level of craftsmanship evident in the exuberant detailing, metal and masonry work;
- its construction technology using a complex wooden roof truss system spanning solid masonry walls;
- the functional layout of the interior with a large open volume and smaller support spaces located in the southern part of the building and in the end pavilions.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1913/01/01 to 1913/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Governing Canada
- Military and Defence
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Armoury or Drill Hall
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Canadian Inventory of Historic Building Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 525, 25 Eddy Street, Hull, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection
Grande Allée Drill Hall
Situated along on the historic Plains of Abraham facing Place Georges V, the Manège de la Grand Allée is a huge building designed in a romantic Chateau style. The exterior…