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Caponier

Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1997/03/20

Exterior photo; (Graham, October 1996.)
Exterior photo
No Image
No Image

Other Name(s)

Caponier
Caponier
Caponnière

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1832/01/01 to 1837/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/01/23

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Integral to Fort Henry, which overlooks Lake Ontario, the Caponier of the Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada is a defensive structure centred in the fort’s main ditch. It is a simple, symmetrical projection from the redoubt’s north face with loopholes at ground level. Smooth limestone walls and a stone roof sit over a bomb-proof vault. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Caponier of the Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value
The Caponier of the Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada is associated with the active defence of Canada from the ongoing threat of the United States. The Caponier of the Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada was designed to form a second line of defence for the redoubt by providing supporting musketry crossfire in the main ditch together with the reverse fire galleries situated in the counterscarp.

Architectural Value:
The Caponier of the Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada demonstrates good aesthetic quality as used in a functional 19th century defensive military design. It consists of an enclosed passage constructed across a ditch to provide sheltered defence. Its specialized features, construction techniques and materials express its excellent functional design. The structure exhibits good quality craftsmanship and materials.

Environmental Value:
As an integral component of the Fort Henry complex, the Caponier maintains an unchanged relationship to its site and reinforces the military setting of Fort Henry.

Sources:
Fern Graham, Fort Henry, Kingston Ontario, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 95-051; Caponier, Fort Henry, Kingston, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 95-051.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Caponier of the Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada should be respected.

Its functional military design, excellent functional value, and good quality materials and craftsmanship as evidenced in:
-the simple geometric massing;
-the smooth dressed limestone walls and bomb-proof roof;
-the strategically placed loopholes at ground level;
-internal configuration and details.

The manner in which the Caponier of the Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada maintains an unchanged relationship to its site and reinforces the present character of the military setting, as evidenced by;
-the ongoing relationship of the Caponier of the Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada to the grassed ditch in which it sits;
-the design and materials that maintain a visual and physical relationship between the Caponier of the Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada, the dry ditch and the reverse fire galleries.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1997/03/20

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Defence
Military Defence Installation

Architect / Designer

Lt.-Colonel Gustavus Nicolls, Corps of Royal Engineers

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

7851

Status

Published

Related Places

General view

Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada

Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada is a 19th-century British military fortress situated on Point Henry between the mouth of Kingston harbour and a second natural harbour…

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