Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Canadian Pacific Railway Station at Nelson is a two-storey, wood-frame, railway station, built in 1900. It is located near the lakefront, at the foot of the main thoroughfare, on the edge of the city of Nelson. The formal recognition is confined to the railway station building itself.
The Canadian Pacific Railway Station (CPR) at Nelson reflects the city’s role at the end of the 19th century as a major transportation centre for the mining industry in British Columbia’s southern interior. The station served as a crucial meeting point between rail and steamboat transportation. The station also represents the CPR’s commitment to compete with American railway interests in the southern interior.
The Nelson station is a good example of the picturesque aesthetic applied to a railway station. It is a substantial structure with complex massing and rich detailing. The station’s wood construction reflects the local abundance of that material, and perhaps, the CPR’s doubts as to the permanence of the mining community. The subsequent additions have not diminished the legibility of the original station.
The station maintains a high profile in the community and is considered an important historical resource.
Sources: Heritage Character Statement, Canadian Pacific Railway Station, Nelson, British Columbia, May 1993; and Leslie Kozma, Railway Station Report 126, Canadian Pacific Railway Station, Nelson, British Columbia.
Character-defining elements of the Canadian Pacific Railway Station at Nelson include:
-its picturesque aesthetic, as expressed in its prominent hipped roof, projecting bays, bracketed canopy, profusion of dormers and variety of finishes
-its horizontal massing, broken by large, projecting bays ending in hipped and gabled dormers on both street and track sides
-its large size
-its roofline, consisting of a prominent hip roof enlivened with a profusion of gabled, hipped and shed-roofed dormers on all four sides
-the wide-eaved platform canopy, supported on slender brackets, which surrounds the building on three sides and reinforces its horizontal form
-the 1910 addition to the west, which continues the hip-roofed form and shed dormers and is harmonious in style and materials
-its Shingle-style detailing, including: clapboard sheathing; and half-timbering and stucco accents in the gable dormers
-its abundant fenestration, consisting of: single, paired and tripled sash windows in a variety of arrangements, including bay windows on one of the projecting bays.
-surviving original wood windows, with multi-paned upper sash
-its wood construction.
Government of Canada
Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act
Heritage Railway Station
1910/01/01 to 1910/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Historic or Interpretive Site
- Station or Other Rail Facility
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Canadian Inventory of Historic Building Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 525, 25 Eddy Street, Hull, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection