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100.5 Water Street

100.5 Water Street, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, C1A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1979/10/26

Showing north elevation; City of Charlottetown, Natalie Munn, 2006
100.5 Water Street
Showing north west elevation; City of Charlottetown, Natalie Munn, 2006
100.5 Water Street
Showing context of building on Water Street; City of Charlottetown, Natalie Munn, 2006
100.5 Water Street

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/09/05

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

100.5 Water Street is a wood framed, brick faced two storey home that is located at the most western portion of a four part row house. It was at one time used as a veterinarian's office. The middle section, the Gainsford House is a two-storey brick home that has the distinction of being the oldest brick house in Charlottetown. The home on the eastern most point of the row house is where the newspaper, the Islander, was published for many years. The designation encompasses the building's exterior and parcel; it does not include the building's interior.

Heritage Value

The heritage value of 100.5 Water Street lies in its role as part of the few row houses in Charlottetown; its use as an early veterinary clinic; and its importance to the Water Street streetscape.

100.5 Water Street was built in the early Twentieth Century. The small wooden addition is brick faced and includes large double doors on the facade. An interesting building, it served as veterinarian, Dr. James L. McMillan's office. The large doors were said to have allowed access to some of his larger patients. 100.5 Water Street is no longer used as a veterinary office and currently serves as a private residence. It has been home to a number of residents throughout its history, including a Mr. Young.

The row house that 100.5 Water Street is attached to is much older than the small building. The brick double tenement, the Gainsford House, was constructed between 1832 and 1834, and was the first home to be constructed of brick in the City. Most homes at this point in Charlottetown's history were being constructed of wood. The decision to build in brick may have been influenced by the fact that John Gainsford was a partner in a brickyard and made his own bricks. In 1847, Queen's Printer and publisher of the Islander newspaper, John Ings, added a wood framed section on to the eastern side of the Gainsford House, where he would publish the Islander newspaper and operate a reading room.

A unique building in Charlottetown, 100.5 Water Street has been well maintained. Located on a street with a range of early to mid-19th Century architecture, 100.5 Water Street and the row house that it is part of, helps support the Water Street streetscape.

Sources: Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements contribute to the heritage value of 100.5 Water Street:

- The overall massing of the building
- The style and placement of the brick throughout the facade
- The placement and style of the windows, including the nine over nine sash window and the two large six over six windows, one of which has a splayed lintel above
- The style and central placement of the off centre door with lintel above, as well as the double doors with a large latch above
- The slanted roofline
- The small chimney with chimney cap

Other character-defining elements include:

- The placement of the building on the western end of the row house
- The location of the building on Water Street



Prince Edward Island

Recognition Authority

City of Charlottetown

Recognition Statute

City of Charlottetown Zoning and Development Bylaw

Recognition Type

Heritage Resource

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type


Single Dwelling


Health and Research
Animal Care Facility

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2 #1248

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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