The Hermitage Registered Heritage Structure
Conception Bay South, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1W, Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Hermitage is a one and a half storey stone building, constructed in the late 1700s, and is connected to a more recent building. The building is located on 23 Spruce Hill Road, Topsail, Conception Bay South (CBS), NL. The designation is restricted to the footprint of the building.
The Hermitage is designated because of its architectural significance, historical associations and cultural value.
The building has architectural value as it is a rare example of stone craftsmanship in Newfoundland and Labrador. Local oral tradition dates the construction of the Hermitage to the late 1700s. It is believed to be one of the oldest buildings in Conception Bay, and possibly the province, as well as being one of the few remaining stone buildings in the region. Also of note are the purple slate shingles which are present on the western side of the roof.
The building is historically important because of its associations with the Anglican Church in CBS. In the late 1800s it was used as the rectory for the nearby St. John the Evangelist Church. Also of historical note is the changing ownership of the property by several notable Newfoundland community and business leaders. These include J. Frederick Bancroft (Newfoundland Teachers Association co-founder), C. A. Pippy (businessman) and Victor Bennett (Bennett’s Brewery).
The Hermitage has cultural value because of its place in oral tradition. It has been suggested that it was built in the late 1700s to serve as a sub-court of the Courts of Admiralty in Harbour Grace. Local fishermen were said to gather here to settle fishery disputes. According to local tradition, after the building was left empty by the Anglican Church, it was used as a residence by a local hermit, which gave the building its current name.
Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador property designation file M-053-004, CBS - The Hermitage
All those elements that relate to the age and architectural design of the building, including:
-steep gable roof;
-purple slate roofing shingles;
-exterior stone walls;
-number of storeys;
-window size, style, trim and placement;
-brick chimney style and placement;
-dimension, location and orientation of building.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador
Historic Resources Act
Registered Heritage Structure
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
- Civic Space
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador 1 Springdale Street
St. John's, NL A1C 5V5
Cross-Reference to Collection