Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
175 King Street is a wood framed, Maritime Vernacular Cottage located in the southeastern part of Charlottetown. The area was settled quite early and contains a number of heritage homes of varying ages and architectural styles. The designation encompasses the building's exterior and parcel; it does not include the building's interior.
The heritage value of 175 King Street lies in its Maritime Vernacular Cottage influenced architecture and its role in supporting the King Street streetscape.
Local carpenter, John Smallwood built 175 King Street between 1855 and 1863. Like a number of homes in the area, his home was built in the Maritime Vernacular Cottage style. The style was common in mid 19th Century Charlottetown. A distinctively Maritime style, its features include a rectangular plan, a central doorway and a large, centrally placed dormer. Located in an area with a number of heritage homes, including a similarly styled house across the street at 176 King Street, the house helps support the streetscape.
It is unclear whether John Smallwood ever lived in the house, however the Ballingall's Directory for 1914, lists Patrick Trainor, a local butcher, at 175 King Street. A later owner of the home was a Mr. Doyle.
Sources: Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2
The following Maritime Vernacular Cottage style character-defining elements contribute to the heritage value of 175 King Street:
- The overall massing of the building
- The simple trim painted in a contrasting colour
- The placement of the windows, particularly the two windows on either side of the front door and the paired windows in the dormer
- The size and central placement of the door with gable canopy roof
- The gable roofline, with centrally placed gable dormer
- The size, shape and placement of the chimney
Other character-defining elements include:
- The location of the home on King Street
Prince Edward Island
City of Charlottetown
City of Charlottetown Zoning and Development Bylaw
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2
Cross-Reference to Collection