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Armstrong Farm Site

Rossburn, Manitoba, R0J, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2005/08/08

Primary elevation, from the east, of the house on the Armstrong Farm Site, Rossburn area, 2006; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage and Tourism, 2006
Primary Elevation
Primary elevation, from the south, of the barn on the Armstrong Farm Site, Rossburn area, 2006; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage and Tourism, 2006
Primary Elevation
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1905/01/01 to 1905/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/12/12

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Armstrong Farm Site consists of a large brick-clad dwelling and wood barn completed in ca. 1905, and set in a tree-sheltered yard near Rossburn. The municipal designation applies to the two buildings and the grounds they occupy.

Heritage Value

The Armstrong Farm Site is a good Manitoba example of the transfer of architectural traditions of nineteenth-century southern Ontario to the newly opened West. The site, which features a four-square dwelling attractively finished in brick, and a large Southern Ontario-style barn, was established by pioneer James Armstrong, who began working the property in the late 1880s. The sprawling Rossburn-area site, with its substantial dwelling set in a mature shelter belt away from the barn and other outbuildings, was one of three farms developed in the immediate neighbourhood by James and his brothers Walter and William, all from Ontario.

Source: Rural Municipality of Rossburn By-law No. 12-05, August 8, 2005

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the site character of the Armstrong Farm Site include:
- the site's location alongside a grid road in the Rossburn area
- the placement of the buildings within a farmyard sheltered by mature trees, with the house set closest to the road and the barn to the rear (west)

Key elements that define the four-square dwelling's well-appointed exterior character include:
- the block-like massing enhanced by a two-storey polygonal bay on the south face
- the large truncated hip roof broken by gable dormers on the east and west sides and by a hipped roof over the bay
- the decorative brick veneer featuring light-coloured accents contrasting with the prevailing red-brown face brick, including prominent quoin-like detailing at corners and around windows and doors, belt courses, fanciful flat arches and keystones, etc.
- the abundant fenestration throughout, composed mostly of tall rectangular windows in wood surrounds
- finishes and details such as the dormers' fish-scale shingles and intricately cut bargeboards, etc.

Key elements that define the dwelling's interior heritage character include:
- the centre-hall plan incorporating a large farm kitchen and spacious, connected living and dining rooms on the main floor and private rooms above
- the well-preserved woodwork, including the main staircase and by details such as the window trim, several doors with applied scrolled trim, etc.
- the narrow fir flooring on the second floor, with portions retaining a faux oak finish

Key elements that define the heritage character of the Southern Ontario-style barn include:
- the elongated two-storey rectangular form under a massive gable roof, with vertical board loft walls and horizontal siding around the stable
- the interior construction used in the loft, of heavy timbers formed into a large open framework (each unit of the frame called a bent)
- the functional details, including the plank stable and loft doors, the small square four-pane fixed stable windows on all sides, etc.




Recognition Authority

Local Governments (MB)

Recognition Statute

Manitoba Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Site

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Extraction and Production

Function - Category and Type


Food Supply
Barn, Stable or Other Animal Housing
Single Dwelling


Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

RM of Rossburn 39 Main Street North Box 100 Rossburn MB R0J 1V0

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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