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Sheriff Andrews House

63 King Street, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, E5B, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1993/10/06

Sheriff Andrews House - context within its landscape; Province of New Brunswick
Sheriff Andrews House
Sheriff Andrews House - front façade; Province of New Brunswick
Sheriff Andrews House
Sheriff Andrews House - interior view; Province of New Brunswick
Sheriff Andrews House

Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/02/19

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Sheriff Andrews House is an opulent brick 2-storey Adamesque Neoclassical-style residence located on the corner of King and Queen Streets in St. Andrews.

Heritage Value

Sheriff Andrews House is designated a Provincial Historic Site for its architecture, for its builder, and for representing the region’s economic prosperity.

Built circa 1820, Sheriff Andrews House is recognized mainly for its architectural value in illustrating the Neoclassical style in New Brunswick. This two-and-a-half storey brick house is an excellent example of the Adamesque Neoclassical style that originated in Great Britain and became popular in the Maritimes following the arrival of the Loyalists in the second half of the 18th century. The purity of its style is reflected in a number of its distinctive features, including the rectangular plan of classical proportions, the massive chimneys, the sash windows, the semielliptical fanlight above the central door, and the perfect symmetry of the various components of the main façade.

Sheriff Andrews House is also recognized for the importance of its original builder, Elisha Shelton Andrews (1772-1833), who had the house constructed circa 1820. Elisha Shelton Andrews was the son of Reverend Samuel Andrews, a Loyalist who immigrated to New Brunswick around 1786 in order to remain loyal to King George III of England and who became the owner of Minister’s Island in Passamaquoddy Bay. Elisha Shelton Andrews practised law and was judge of Charlotte County. He was later appointed sheriff of Charlotte County by Lieutenant-Governor Thomas Carleton. As sheriff, he was responsible for upholding the law, supervising the holding of elections, and selling properties for the collection of debts. One of his final accomplishments was to supervise construction of a new prison, the cornerstone of which was laid in 1832.

Sheriff Andrews House is further recognized for the fact that this opulent property serves as a good illustration of the high level of prosperity in the region and more specifically in St. Andrews in the early 19th century. At that time, the region was experiencing an economic boom thanks primarily to shipbuilding and exports of wood and fish.

Source: Department of Wellness, Culture and Sport, Heritage Branch, Site File: Vol. V-12766, 53

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements that describe Sheriff Andrews House include:
- entire property;
- location in the heart of St. Andrews, on the corner of King and Queen streets;
- rectangular two-and-a-half storey plan;
- red brick structure and stone foundation;
- moderately pitched gable roof topped by a brick chimney at either end;
- returned cornices;
- symmetry of the main façade;
- semielliptical fanlight above the central door;
- entrance door with a transom;
- numerous sash windows surmounted by flat arches;
- integrity of the original interior;
- fireplaces in nine rooms of the house;
- back staircase;
- basement kitchen;
- hearth with a beehive oven for baking.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Province of New Brunswick

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites Protection Act, s. 2(2)

Recognition Type

Historic Sites Protection Act – Protected

Recognition Date

1993/10/06

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1786/01/01 to 1786/01/01
1772/01/01 to 1833/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Settlement
Governing Canada
Security and Law
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Historic or Interpretive Site

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

Elisha Shelton Andrews

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Branch - Site File

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

53

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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