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Mowbray School

Manitou, Manitoba, R0G, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2004/03/15

Contextual view, from the southwest, of Mowbray School, Windygates area, 2007; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2007
Contextual View
Primary elevations, from the southwest, of Mowbray School, Windygates area, 2007; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2007
Primary Elevations
Interior view of Mowbray School, Windygates area, 2007; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2007

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1906/01/01 to 1906/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/03/07

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Mowbray School, constructed in 1906, is a one-storey wood frame structure situated in the undulating landscape of the Pembina Valley. The provincial designation applies to the school and the grounds on which it stands.

Heritage Value

Mowbray School is a highly significant Manitoba building, a rare surviving example in nearly pristine condition recalling the kinds of architectural and site qualities that often defined the experience of attending Manitoba's one-room schools from the late nineteenth century until about the middle of the twentieth century. Its small unadorned form and straightforward construction are typical of the type, and recall the approximately 1,500 little schools that once served the province's rural educational needs, but which have mostly been lost, to fire, demolition, or removal and re-use. Mowbray School's interior is also of great value: carefully preserved by local residents since the facility was closed in 1956, the school serves as a museum piece, complete with typical finishes and furnishings. Finally, the little building's situation, small and isolated on a broad expanse of flatland, visible most effectively from the slopes of the Pembina Valley to the south, recalls the determination and fortitude of those who taught and attended this school over the course of 50 years, and of their descendents, who continue to honour that experience with notable love and care.

Source: Manitoba Heritage Council Meeting Minute, March 15, 2004

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the heritage character of the Mowbray School site include:
- its location on a flat section of the Pembina Valley in an agricultural area defined by rolling fields
- its ongoing historical and physical relationship with two other community focal points, both located further east on the same section road: a community hall and Jackson Cemetery

Key elements that define the school's uncomplicated external architecture include:
- the simple box-like form, set on a fieldstone foundation and topped with a gable roof, with a shed-roofed porch appended to the front, with facades clad in horizontal wood siding painted white
- the rectangular openings, with a notable bank of five windows on the west side, all featuring double-hung two-over-two pane windows with simple casings and frames painted to contrast with the siding, etc.
- the details, including a brick chimney, trim boards painted to contrast with the siding, etc.

Key elements that define the school's practical interior include:
- the plan, with a small entrance porch providing access to the school room as well as the basement stairs
- the wood plank ceilings, floors and doors throughout
- the practical details and finishes, including a plank wood storage cupboard projecting from the front of the school room, some intact black boards, wainscotting, coat hooks along the back wall, simple moulding and trim, etc.
- simple furnishings including period desks, light fixtures, a wooden library cupboard, etc.




Recognition Authority

Province of Manitoba

Recognition Statute

Manitoba Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Provincial Heritage Site

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Education and Social Well-Being

Function - Category and Type




One-Room School

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

RM of Pembina 315 Main Street Box 189 Manitou MB R0G 1G0

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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