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Moore's Ravine

Grandview RM 349, Saskatchewan, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1989/05/03

Stone features are situated on level ground on projecting fingers of land in near- and middle-ground, 2004.; Government of Saskatchewan, Marvin Thomas, 2004.
Overview of Property
Looking along a line of fieldstones that forms the south spoke of the medicine wheel, 2004.; Government of Saskatchewan, Marvin Thomas, 2004.
Spoke of Medicine Wheel
No Image

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/03/15

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Moore's Ravine is a Municipal Heritage Property comprising 96 hectares of land overlooking the Eagle Creek valley west of the Town of Biggar. Located within the boundaries of Treaty 6, the property features a complex of at least 11 archaeological sites that extends for two kilometres along the north valley slope. Archaeological resources identified thus far include a medicine wheel, stone effigies, numerous tipi rings, rock cairns, and a bison kill site with an associated drive lane.

Heritage Value

The heritage value of Moore's Ravine lies in its rich diversity of ceremonial, habitation and hunting sites that reveal information regarding the spiritual, domestic and economic lives of precontact First Nations on the Northern Plains.

More than one hundred tipi rings mark the locations and illustrate the lay out of campsites that reflect the day-to-day life of the property’s former inhabitants. Ceremonial features include a medicine wheel and stone effigies, some of which have been interpreted as turtle figures. The property also contains over 50 rock cairns. While the function of many of the cairns is not well understood, some are arranged as lanes that were used to guide bison into a ravine where they could be dispatched by hunters. Deposits of butchered bone on the bottom of the ravine are further testimony to the importance of this animal for precontact Plains cultures.


Rural Municipality of Grandview No. 349 Bylaw No. 4-89.

Character-Defining Elements

The heritage value of Moore's Ravine resides in the following character-defining elements:
-elements related to precontact use of the property, including stone constructions such as the medicine wheel, effigies, rings and cairns in their original locations; precontact artifacts; butchered bone; hearths or other archaeological features; and the spatial relationships and environmental context of the archaeological remains;
-elements that reflect the property’s precontact environmental setting, such as its native vegetation, its undisturbed landforms, and its expansive views of the valley.




Recognition Authority

Local Governments (SK)

Recognition Statute

Heritage Property Act, s. 11(1)(a)

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Property

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Canada's Earliest Inhabitants

Function - Category and Type



Undetermined (archaeological site)
Exposed Site
Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Aboriginal Sacred Site
Food Supply
Hunting or Resource Harvesting Site

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Department of Culture Youth and Recreation Heritage Resources Branch 1919 Saskatchewan Drive Regina, SK File: MHP 1199

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

MHP 1199



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