Home / Accueil

St. Ambroise Dakota Entrenchment

Portage la Prairie, Manitoba, R0H, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1954/12/07

Contextual view of the St. Ambroise Dakota Entrenchment, St. Ambroise area, 2005, with the grasses in the foreground marking the location of the entrenchment.; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2005
Contextual View
Contextual view of the St. Ambroise Dakota Entrenchment, St. Ambroise area, 2005, with the taller grass line marking the location of the entrenchment.; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2005
Contextual View
No Image

Other Name(s)

St. Ambroise Dakota Entrenchment
cunkaske
cunkaske

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/04/20

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The St. Ambroise Dakota Entrenchment, northeast of Portage la Prairie, is a large, circular trench and embankment with several interior pits and additional pits located a short distance from the entrenchment. The site is situated within a natural hay meadow, overgrown with scrub and bushes, and is largely surrounded by marsh. The provincial designation of the site applies to the large area of land in the southwest corner of the rural section of land.

Heritage Value

The St. Ambroise Dakota Entrenchment is a rare Manitoba example, from the mid- to late-nineteenth century, of a fortification tradition seen across North America that dates back at least 1,000 years. The site was constructed in response to the threat of attack by Chippewa (Anishinabe) bounty hunters following the Minnesota Uprising of 1862, in which Dakota (Sioux) peoples responded violently to the poor treatment received from government authorities in Minnesota. With minimal disturbance since the time of construction, the integrity of the site and landscape have been maintained.

Source: Historic Sites Advisory Board Meeting, December 7, 1954

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the heritage character of the site include:
- the continuous circular entrenchment and embankment with a 98 metre diameter
- features contained within the perimeter of the entrenchment such as small, shallow pits
- additional small, shallow pits located beyond but nearby the perimeter of the entrenchment
- the relative remoteness and openness of the undeveloped landscape
- archeological remnants of the associated people including artifacts contained within the designated boundaries

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Manitoba

Recognition Authority

Province of Manitoba

Recognition Statute

Manitoba Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Provincial Heritage Site

Recognition Date

1954/12/07

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1862/01/01 to 1862/12/31

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Migration and Immigration
Peopling the Land
Settlement
Peopling the Land
People and the Environment
Governing Canada
Military and Defence

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Defence
Battle Site

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Main Floor, 213 Notre Dame Avenue Winnipeg MB R3B 1N3

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

P004

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

SEARCH THE CANADIAN REGISTER

Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Find Nearby PlacesFIND NEARBY PLACES PrintPRINT
Nearby Places