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Arrow River Standing Stone Site

Hamiota, Manitoba, R0J, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1962/02/08

Contextual view, from the south, of the Arrow River Standing Stone Site, Hamiota area, 2006; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2006
Contextual View
View, from the east, of the Arrow River Standing Stone Site, Hamiota area, 2006; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2006
Main View
No Image

Other Name(s)

Arrow River Standing Stone Burial Ground
Arrow River Standing Stone Site
Cimetière de la pierre dressée de la rivière Arrow

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/05/03

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Arrow River Standing Stone Site consists of a tall pointed stone monolith sitting vertically amongst prairie grasses on the southwestern side of the highest hill overlooking the Arrow River near Hamiota. The site is surrounded by cultivated farmland. The provincial designation of the site applies to the stone monolith and the one-acre parcel of land on which it stands.

Heritage Value

The Arrow River Standing Stone Site is the only known First Nations gravesite in Manitoba marked with a stone monolith. Although the remains of 'Ia-char-ke', the respected Dakota elder buried at the site, have been removed for protection, the site's location atop a high hill demonstrates a typical traditional place of burial for the Dakota (Sioux) of Manitoba. The area surrounding the site on which the stone sits possesses great integrity, as it is free of major disturbances. The Arrow River Standing Stone Site also has significance, representing the coexistence of First Nations peoples and homesteaders of the late nineteenth century. When the area now known as the Standing Stone Site became part of Arthur Bird's homestead in 1896, the descendents of 'Ia-char-ke' continued to visit their sacred site annually to perform ritual ceremonies. The importance of preserving this site associated with Dakota culture was recognized by Dr. R.D. Bird (Arthur Bird's son) leading to the Arrow River Standing Stone becoming one of the first provincially designated heritages sites in Manitoba in 1962.

Source: Historic Sites Advisory Board Meeting, February 8, 1962

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the heritage character of the Arrow River Standing Stone Site include:
- the pointed granite stone in its material form and location
- the vertical positioning of the stone, approximately 1.5 metres tall and 0.5 metres wide
- the hill on which the stone sits overlooking the Arrow River from the northeast
- the relative remoteness and openness of the undeveloped landscape on which the stone sits

Key elements that define the character of the site as used by Dakota (Sioux) peoples include:
- archeological remnants of the associated people including artifacts contained within the designated boundaries as well as scattered artifacts in adjacent areas

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Manitoba

Recognition Authority

Province of Manitoba

Recognition Statute

Manitoba Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Provincial Heritage Site

Recognition Date

1962/02/08

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Canada's Earliest Inhabitants

Function - Category and Type

Current

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Aboriginal Sacred Site

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Mortuary Site, Cemetery or Enclosure
Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship
Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Aboriginal Ritual Site

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Main Floor, 213 Notre Dame Avenue Winnipeg MB R3B 1N3

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

P005

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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