East Gate Registration Buildings, Building 1
Links and documents
1934/01/01 to 1936/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Building 1 is one of three structures that comprise what is commonly known as the Banff National Park of Canada East Gate Registration Buildings. Located to the east of the centre building, Building 1 is a small, rectangular, one-and-a-half storey structure built of split fieldstone in the Rustic style with Tudor Revival details. The gabled roof is clad in cedar shingles while the upper half of the building is distinguished by half timbering. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
Building 1 is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.
Building 1 is a very good example of the development of Canada’s National Park system and early Canadian tourism. It is also associated with the emerging ideals of protecting and enhancing designated wilderness areas for the pleasure and benefit of the Canadian people. It also symbolizes the increasing importance of the motorcar within National Parks of the 1930s. Construction of the East Gate Registration Buildings was carried out under the 1934 Public Works Construction Act, which set aside large funds for projects within the National Parks.
Building 1 is a very good example of the Rustic style with Tudor Revival details, which was favoured within the National Parks program. The informal style was perceived as harmonious with the mountain setting. Reflecting the rustic aesthetic consistent with Parks’ tradition, local building materials were used. Building 1 is constructed from rock quarried within the park. It is a good functional structure built to reflect its picturesque setting.
Building 1 is situated on the eastern boundary of the park. The building served as staff quarters and was a caretaker's cottage. This building is visited by nearly all visitors to the park and is a familiar and symbolic man-made landmark. Emphasizing natural building materials and the picturesque landscape, Building 1 reinforces the present character of its mountain park setting.
Sources: East Gate, Banff National Park, Banff, Alberta, Heritage Character Statement 84-055; East Gate, Banff National Park, Banff, Alberta, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 84-055.
The character-defining elements of Building 1 should be respected.
Its Rustic style with Tudor Revival details and very good quality materials and craftsmanship as manifested in:
- the simple low massing of the one-and-a-half-storey structure;
- the rectangular plan, and gabled roof, with one stone chimney and the cedar-shingles laid in staggered lines to give a random roof pattern;
- the half-timbering featured on the upper half of the building and the use of locally quarried split fieldstone in irregular courses for the exterior walls;
- the front porch with a gable end.
The manner in which the location of the East Gate Registration Buildings, including Building 1, announce Banff National Park of Canada and are a familiar and symbolic man-made landmark.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Recognized Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
Architect / Designer
Harold C. Becket
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection