Gare du Canadien Pacifique à Berthier
Berthier Railway Station (Canadian Pacific) National Historic Site of Canada
Berthier Railway Station (Canadian Pacific)
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Berthier Railway Station is located several miles outside the town of Sainte-Genevieve-de-Berthier along the Canadian Pacific Rail line. It is a picturesque 1 1/2-storey late 19th-century railway station built in wood. The designation refers to the building on its footprint.
Berthier Railway Station (Canadian Pacific) was designated a National Historic Site in 1976 because it reflects the expansion of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Berthier Railway Station was built by the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental (OMO&O) Railroad in 1877 as one of a series of small domestic stations along its railway line along the St. Lawrence Valley between Montreal and Quebec. The Canadian Pacific Railway acquired this line in 1885 to initiate improvement of its service to the Atlantic Ocean, and it functioned as a CPR station for over a century. This building did not meet the criteria to become a heritage railway station. The heritage value of Berthier Railway Station resides in its function, its site, its standard design and composition.
Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, June 1976, November 2001.
Key features contributing to the heritage character of this site include:
- its location on the former OMO&O rail line;
- its rectangular footprint and narrow 1 1/2-storey massing under a steeply pitched roof with a gable over the telegrapher's bay on the track facade;
- its domestic scale and modest proportions;
- the presence of features typical of railway station design, notably the telegrapher's bay, its broad sheltering eaves, and its access directly onto the train platform;
- its simple detailing, including the multi-pane windows, paneled doors, and restrained use of eave brackets;
- its modest wood materials;
- evidence of its interior layout accommodating its dual function as a station and residence and evidence of its station plan accommodating both passengers and freight, with waiting room, operational and baggage / freight areas, surviving early furnishings and fittings;
- continuity of patterns of circulation, access and egress.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1877/01/01 to 2001/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Technology and Engineering
- Developing Economies
- Communications and Transportation
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Station or Other Rail Facility
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection