Hammond House National Historic Site of Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Hammond House National Historic Site of Canada is a large, Queen Anne Revival-style house located in a landscaped setting on the campus of Mount Allison University.
Hammond House was designated a national historic site in 1990 because it was a particularly good example of the Queen Anne Revival Style as expressed in domestic architecture.
The heritage value of this site resides in its material expression of the fanciful forms, asymmetrical massing and polychromatic surfaces characteristic of the Queen Anne Revival, a style popular for residences during the 1870-1914 period.
The house was designed by Burke and Horwood, architects, and built in 1896 for artist John Hammond. The Hammond family first resided there in March 1897. Later it was taken over by Mount Allison University.
Sources: HSMBC Minutes, November 1990, November 1992.
Key elements that contribute to the heritage character of the site include:
- the varied, picturesque massing and the asymmetrical, picturesque composition of advancing and receding sections,
- the organization of exterior elevations in three distinct horizontal levels (ground, second storey and roof),
- the varied roofline with its ridges of increasing height and gables of increasing size, stepping towards the tower ,
- the symmetrical, three-bay facade of the main block, organized around a central, columned porch,
- the varied fenestration (bow, angled bay, Palladian, round-headed),
- the whimsical, eclectic use of historical architectural forms (arch, triangle, diamond, oval and bell) and details (classical porch pillars, balustrade, and tower),
- the generous use of polychromatic materials, each with different colour and surface textures
(variegated olive sandstone, wood clapboard, wood shingles, mixture of large and small-paned glass),
- the original interior plan with its central stair hall,
- the rich woodwork and decorative interior features ,
- original murals by John Hammond,
- the setting in park-like grounds.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1870/01/01 to 1914/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Burke and Horwood
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection