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Building 309

309 Pleasantville, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1987/07/30

Main elevation of Building 309.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
Front elevation
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Other Name(s)

Building 309
Building 309
Bâtiment 309

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/05/30

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Building 309 is located within the community of Pleasantville on the north shore of Quidi Vidi Lake. It is a long, two-storey, flat-roofed, rectangular barracks building with a white painted exterior, and exhibiting low, horizontal massing. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

Building 309 is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.

Historical Value
Building 309, as part of the former US military base of Fort Pepperrell, is closely associated with the Second World War perimeter defence plan. This plan called for strategic continental outposts such as Newfoundland and Jamaica to be armed and fortified to prevent an attack on the United States. The base was vacated by the United States in the 1950s and is now owned by the Canadian government.

Architectural Value
Building 309 is a very good example of a wartime wood and steel framed permanent barracks finished with concrete blocks that was conceived to be highly functional in design and construction. Simple rectangular shapes and plain aesthetic elements are characteristic of its modern style. Integral to the complex, the structure’s architectural significance lies in its contribution to the overall visual unity of this cohesive group of modernistic buildings.

Environmental Value
Building 309 maintains an unchanged relationship to its site and the adjacent structures. It also reinforces the 1940s character of its military base setting and is familiar to those living and working on the base.

Julie Harris, Pleasantville Site (41 Buildings) St. John’s, Newfoundland. Federal Heritage Building Report 86-016.

Buildings 301 to 306, 308 to 314, and 806 / Buildings 401 to 410, 507 to 509, 511 and 512, Pleasantville, St John’s Newfoundland. Heritage Character Statement 86-016.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Building 309 should be respected:

Its modern design and good quality materials and workmanship, for example:

- The scale and low massing of the long, rectangular structure.
- The flat roofs outlined by simple extended eaves.
- The projecting wings and stairwell blocks and each entrance emphasized by a concrete block canopy.
- The highly functional interior divided into offices.
- The white exterior walls and the size, form and spacing of the door and window openings.

The manner in which Building 309 maintains an unchanged relationship to its site, reinforces the military character of Pleasantville and is familiar to those living and working on the base, as evidenced by:

- Its ongoing relationship to its open site and the adjacent structures.
- The modern plain aesthetic of the utilitarian structure, which harmonizes with the cohesive grouping of the buildings, and creates a strong visual unity on the base.
- The building’s function as offices which make it a familiar point of reference.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type


Military Support


Architect / Designer

Designed for the US Army by Shreve, Lamb, and Harmon (New York), under the direction of the US Army Corps of Engineers.



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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