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20 All Souls' Lane / Rochford Square

20 All Souls' Lane, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, C1A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1979/10/26

Showing view from the east; City of Charlottetown, Barb Morgan, 2007
Rochford Square
Winter scene on Rochford Square, early 1900s; PEI PARO Accession #:  3466/HF.
Rochford Square
Showing drawing of Rochford Square; Panoramic View of Charlottetown - 1878
Rochford Square

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/06/05

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Rochford Square is a park that includes a variety of large mature trees, impressive gardens and asphalt paths. It is one of five public squares in the City of Charlottetown, four of which are public parks and the other, Queens Square, contains public buildings, as well as various memorials and monuments. The designation encompasses the entire parcel of land.

Heritage Value

The heritage value of the Rochford Square lies in its role as one of Charlottetown's five historic squares.

Rochford Square was one of four laid out in the 1771 Plan of Charlottetown by surveyor Thomas Wright and Governor Walter Patterson. The other three squares were Hillsborough Square, Pownal (later Connaught) Square, and Kings Square. Each of the four was placed in one quarter of the original rectangular town plan. Charles Morris had already planned for Queens Square as a space for public buildings in the centre of the town, three years previously in the 1768 plan of Charlottetown.

The spelling of Rochford Square has changed throughout the years. It was spelled Rochfort on the 1863 Lake Map and later Rochford on Newbery's 1869 map. Its early history is unclear, but in 1869, Rochford Square was among those mentioned in various newspaper reports on efforts to improve the condition of the squares. It benefited from the planting of 110 trees when the first Arbour Day was celebrated in Charlottetown on Queen Victoria's birthday, 24 May 1884. Unfortunately, only one year later, the Charlottetown Herald reported that a number of the trees did not do well and the writer lamented that horses, pigs and cows were roaming through the square "at their own sweet will." He called for more work to be done in the square before it was too late.

The Rochford Square was redeveloped in the year 2000 as part of a millennium project. It is now a Victorian style garden complete with impressive flowerbeds, shrubbery, pathways and benches and has been described as one of the most beautiful squares in the City. Part of Charlottetown since its earliest days, Rochford Square is an important part of the City's history.

Sources: Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements contribute to the heritage value of the Rochford Square:

- The property's park-like landscape, with numerous mature trees, flower beds, shrub beds and paths
- The continued use of the square as a public space



Prince Edward Island

Recognition Authority

City of Charlottetown

Recognition Statute

City of Charlottetown Zoning and Development Bylaw

Recognition Type

Heritage Resource

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Sports and Leisure

Function - Category and Type




Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2 #1733

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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