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Craigflower Manor House National Historic Site of Canada

110 Island Highway, Victoria, British Columbia, V9B, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1964/10/27

Detail view of Craigflower Manor House showing its materials and forms, all of which are expressive of a significant phase in the historical development of western Canada.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
Detail view
General view of Craigflower Manor House showing the prominent position of the house on a grassy knoll.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
General view
Interior view of Craigflower Manor House showing central hall interior floor plan and surviving historic interior features and fixtures.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
Interior view

Other Name(s)

Craigflower Manor House National Historic Site of Canada
Craigflower Manor House
Manoir Craigflower

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1853/01/01 to 1856/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/06/18

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Craigflower Manor House was built between 1853 and 1856, mainly from materials cut, hewn and milled in the vicinity. It is a two-storey timber frame building with a moderately-pitched gable roof, end chimneys, and a classically-inspired symmetrical five-bay plan with a pedimented central entrance. The manor house occupies a parcel of land overlooking the Gorge Waterway in the Greater Victoria district. The designation refers to the house on its legal lot.

Heritage Value

Craigflower Manor House was designated a national historic site in 1964. Built for the Puget’s Sound Agricultural Company, it is a fine example of early domestic architecture in Western Canada.

As the residence of bailiff Kenneth MacKenzie, it was the focus of Craigflower Farm, the oldest of four farms on Vancouver Island whose employment of colonists marked the transition from fur trade to settlement on the northwest coast. This transitional stage is reflected vividly in the design of the Manor House, which combines Hudson’s Bay Company construction systems with Scottish architectural influences and craftsmanship adapted to the use of local materials.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, October 1964.

Character-Defining Elements

The key elements relating to the heritage value of this site include:

-its site, defined as the land bordered by Admirals and Craigflower Roads, and the Gorge Waterway, and the prominent position of the house on a grassy knoll;
-the unobstructed view of the house from Admirals and Craigflower Roads, Craigflower Bridge and the waterway;
-its materials and forms, all of which are expressive of a significant phase in the historical development of western Canada, including: Hudson’s Bay Company post-and-groove framing on ground floor and mortice-and-tenoned timber frame system on second floor, Georgian five-bay plan, pedimented entrance, moulded window heads and window pediments, the front door and its hardware, gable detailing, fenestration, rough-sawn horizontal clapboard siding, brick chimneys;
-central hall interior floor plan and surviving historic interior features and fixtures.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1964/10/27

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1853/01/01 to 1856/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Settlement
Developing Economies
Extraction and Production
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Museum

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

94

Status

Published

Related Places

Craigflower Manor from SE

Craigflower Manor

Craigflower Manor is a two-storey nineteenth-century farmhouse situated on a large grassy parcel of land overlooking the Gorge Waterway in View Royal, BC.

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