Québec City Hall National Historic Site of Canada
Québec City Hall
Hôtel de ville de Québec
Links and documents
1895/01/01 to 1896/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Québec City Hall is a majestic stone building built in 1895-6 in an eclectic style typical of the late-Victorian era. The building occupies a full block on a sloping site in Québec's upper town within the boundaries of the UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site. The building was enlarged with a two-storey addition in 1929. The formal recognition consists of the building on its legal property at the time of designation.
The Québec City Hall was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1984 because its monumental and elegant exterior and richly decorated interior make it one of the most stately city halls in Canada.
The Québec City Hall reflects the eclectic opulence of the late-Victorian period in its modified Second Empire style, while its confident formality also demonstrates the competencies of local artisans and builders. The basic form of the building is classical, rooted in a French Beaux-Arts design philosophy, and its vocabulary draws from a number of sources, including the Romanesque Revival and Châteauesque styles. The lavishness of the exterior is continued in the splendid interior decoration as evident in its sumptuous council chambers.
Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 1984.
Key elements which relate to the heritage value of Québec City Hall include:
- its Second Empire stylistic design, evident in the symmetry of the principal façade with its regularly spaced windows and string courses clearly delineating each storey, its four-and-a-half storey and its H-shaped plan with central entrance pavilion flanked by lateral wings and projecting corner pavilions, its steeply pitched roofs with ornately pedimented dormers and iron cresting;
- its masonry cladding using locally cut and dressed stone for exterior walls with rusticated stone foundation and smooth ashlar blocks above, and its combination of round arches at the main entrance and capping large second storey windows in the corner pavilions with flat-headed windows singly and groups;
- its high clock tower, an architectural feature often associated with municipal buildings;
- surviving features of the elegant interior, including its axial layout, richly decorated council chamber, the ornate ceiling of the council chamber, imposing volume and proportions of main public spaces, wooden wainscotting, and the press gallery with its decorated wooden railings and supporting brackets;
- its siting in the midst of a designed landscape with formal approaches to the building;
- its location near other late 19th-century administrative buildings within the upper town.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1929/01/01 to 1929/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
- Governing Canada
- Government and Institutions
Function - Category and Type
- Town or City Hall
- Office or office building
Architect / Designer
J.B. Jinchereau, Ignace Bilodeau and J.B. Gingras
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection