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Hebron Mission National Historic Site of Canada

Hebron, Newfoundland and Labrador, A0P, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1976/11/06

View of Hebron Mission in the distance, showing its isolated setting along the coast of Labrador, in proximity to the sea, 1994.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, I.K. MacNeil, 1994.
General view
General view of Hebron Mission, showing the evenly spaced windows and doors, 1994.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, I.K. MacNeil, 1994.
General view
Corner view of Hebron Mission, showing the stone foundation and the steep roof, 1994; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, I.K. MacNeil, 1994.
Corner view

Other Name(s)

Hebron Mission National Historic Site of Canada
Hebron Mission
Mission de Hebron

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1829/01/01 to 1837/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/07/07

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The surviving elements of Hebron Mission National Historic Site of Canada consist of a long interconnected series of buildings, including a church, mission house, and finally a store. The design has a Germanic flavour characterized by the steep, elongated roof punctuated by small dormer windows. The cupola is typical of church architecture of south-eastern Europe, from whence came the Moravians. Other buildings, including a forge, carpenter’s shop, and other support structures are gone. The official recognition refers to the surviving interconnected buildings on its footprint.

Heritage Value

Hebron Mission was declared a national historic site of Canada in 1976 because:
-it provided religious instruction to the local Inuit and was also an educational, commercial and medical centre; and,
-it is a representative example of Moravian mission architecture.

The mission buildings at Hebron, on the northeast coast of Labrador, were erected by the Church of the Brethren, more commonly called the Moravians. This mission was one of several built by the Moravians and it is possible that these buildings were pre-fabricated in Germany and shipped to this location. Construction began in 1829 but the site was not ready for habitation until 1837. The Moravians also engaged in trade, medical practice, and the administration of justice. This mission closed in 1959.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, March 2006.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
-its isolated setting along the coast of Labrador, in proximity to the sea, above the tree line, on a bare site in proximity to the remains of other elements of the mission;
-the long, connected range of buildings;
-their construction, on stone foundations and on wooden sills, wood framing with brick infill covered with wood sheathing, the volume, steep roof with dormers and cupola, evenly spaced windows and doors, and any surviving interior spaces and fittings;
-any surviving archaeological resources related to the mission or to Inuit culture.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1976/11/06

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1829/01/01 to 1959/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Settlement
Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions
Building Social and Community Life
Education and Social Well-Being
Building Social and Community Life
Social Movements
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Philosophy and Spirituality

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Historic or Interpretive Site

Historic

Commerce / Commercial Services
Trading Post
Education
Special or Training School
Health and Research
Clinic
Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Mission
Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship
Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Institution

Architect / Designer

Church of the Brethren

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

223

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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