Tour de phare
Links and documents
1855/01/01 to 1859/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Tower at Christian Island, situated in Georgian Bay, is 2.4 km (1.5 mi) offshore. The cylindrical, stone tower has a slight taper, and is corbelled outwards at its top to form a gallery and base for the removed lantern. The simple entrance is set flush with the door plane. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Tower at Christian Island is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.
The Tower at Christian Island, one of the ‘Imperial Towers’, is a very good example of a structure associated with the installation of lighthouses on the Great Lakes beginning in 1804. The need for navigational aids was also spurred by the opening of the Bruce Peninsula for settlement in the mid-1850s, the free-trade agreement with the United States in 1854, and the construction of the Sault Ste. Marie canal in 1855.
Among the most attractive lighthouses in Canada, these functionally designed towers are amongst the few constructed of stone. Constructed using high quality materials the craftsmanship is excellent and typical of the work of the contractor, John Brown.
The Tower reinforces the present character of its picturesque, maritime setting on Christian Island. The structure is familiar to the shipping community, and to the many pleasure boaters who frequent the area.
Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 90-214; Heritage Character Statement 90-214.
The character-defining elements of the Tower at Christian Island should be respected.
Its appealing aesthetic and very good functional design, with materials and craftsmanship of the highest standard, for example:
- the tall, tapered shaft, vertical massing and picturesque silhouette;
- the corbelled top that forms an iron railed gallery, and the granite ring that forms the lantern base;
- the doorway that pierces the granite ring and provides access to the gallery;
- the rounded exterior walls of rusticated, rough-faced, even-coursed limestone, consisting of inner and outer walls with a rubble infill;
- the minimal detailing such as the round-headed doorway and the small, narrow windows with plain stone sills;
- the heavy timber frame, the wooden interior staircases, and the metal lantern staircase.
The manner in which the Tower reinforces the character of the present picturesque, maritime character of the setting at Christian Island and acts as a local landmark, as evidenced by:
- its design and form, which complement the natural environment;
- its visibility in relation to its prominent position on a peninsula, which makes it known to mariners on Lake Huron.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Recognized Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Navigational Aid or Lighthouse
Architect / Designer
Board of Works, Canada West
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection