Blood Indian Hospital
Cardston Blood Indian Hospital
Hôpital Blood Indian de Cardston
Links and documents
1928/01/01 to 1929/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Situated in downtown Cardston on a landscaped lot, the Blood Indian Hospital is a large two-storey brick structure with a flat roof in the Classical Moderne Style. The building’s only decorative details are a stylized pediment above the main façade and a decorative raised brick panel and date stone over the main entrance. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Blood Indian Hospital is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.
The Blood Indian Hospital is a very good example of a building illustrating the Federal Government efforts to improve First Nations’ health care in the 1920s. It is also associated with concerted government efforts to eradicate infectious diseases during this period. The Blood Indian Hospital was specifically designed to integrate institutional hospital design with the requirements of tuberculosis patients and marked a turning point in the health care of the community on the reserve.
The Blood Indian Hospital was designed for the department of Indian affairs as a general hospital with a tuberculosis wing. A prominent functional structure, it has few decorative elements. The Blood Indian Hospital is the oldest surviving general Indian hospital in the building inventory of Health and Welfare Canada.
Standing within a two-acre landscaped property overlooking the community and across the street from Cardston Municipal Hospital the Blood Indian Hospital reinforces the character of the entrance to Cardston from the Reserve. It is conspicuous to the members of the Blood Indian Reserve and is also well known to local non-Native residents of Cardston.
Marylyn E.Armstrong-Reynolds, Blood Indian Hospital, 95-1st Avenue North, Cardston, Alberta. Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 88-125; Blood Indian Hospital, 95-1st Avenue North, Cardston, Alberta, Heritage Character Statement 88-125
The character-defining elements of the Blood Indian Hospital should be respected.
Its standard design and good quality materials and craftsmanship as evidenced in:
- the flat-roofed two-storey rectangular form, the windows at three levels and the stylized pediment over the main entrance;
- the decorative raised brick panel and date stone over the main entrance. The regular arrangement of window openings;
- the red and chocolate coloured brickwork and the contrasting stone sills.
The manner in which the Blood Indian Hospital reinforces the character of downtown Cardston as evidenced in:
- its prominent location at the entrance to the reserve which makes it a well-known local landmark.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Recognized Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Health and Research
- Hospital or Other Health Care Institution
Architect / Designer
Roland Guerney Orr
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection