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Wellington House

Barrington Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1986/09/22

Side view of Wellington House, showing the south façade and the red brick construction.; Parks Canada | Parcs Canada, Canadian Forces, NS-85-6-5687
Side view of Wellington House.
Side view of Wellington House, showing the north façade and the two-storey massing of the building.; Parks Canada | Parcs Canada, Canadian Forces, NS-85-6-5681
Side view of Wellington House.
General view of Wellington House, showing the former parade square.; Parks Canada | Parcs Canada, Public Archives of Canada
General view of Wellington House.

Other Name(s)

Wellington House
Wellington House Building S12
Maison Wellington, bâtiment S12
Wellington Barracks B Mess
Salle à manger de la caserne Wellington « B »
Building S12
Bâtiment S12

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1852/01/01 to 1860/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2010/04/15

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Wellington House, also known as Wellington Barracks B Mess and Building S12, is located on a slight rise of land that borders the former parade square at Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Halifax-Stadacona, in Nova Scotia. It is a large, two-storey, red brick barracks building of neoclassical design. Its hipped roofline is marked by a series of massive chimneys. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

Wellington House is a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical value
Built for the Imperial Army between 1852 and 1860, Wellington House reflects a significant phase in the development of military architecture in Halifax. The brick construction of Wellington House was rare for its time; the establishment of a local brickyard set a precedent for the city of Halifax, and represented a major departure from the traditional practice of importing such materials for permanent construction. The Wellington Barracks property, of which this building was a major element, also reflected the growing concern for more healthy and commodious living conditions for officers and enlisted men during this period.

Architectural value
Wellington House is valued for its very good aesthetic design. The building is of restrained neoclassical design featuring a two-storey elevation, balanced façade, and gable roof. Elaborate pedimented pavilions at either end and at the centre along with massive chimneys add to its aesthetic appeal. The building also demonstrates a very good functional design, constructed of fireproof red brick, trimmed and dressed with granite.

Environmental value
Wellington House is a conspicuous building in the area by virtue of its scale, age, location and historical associations. Its construction reinforced the development of the neighbourhood on its north end into an exclusive residential district. Its position on a slight rise of land, bordering on the former parade square, gives the structure an isolated prominence within the more recently developed complex of buildings at CFB Halifax-Stadacona.

Sources: J. Hale, Wellington House Building S12, CFB Halifax (Stadacona), Nova Scotia, Federal Heritage Building Review Office Building Report 85-061; Wellington House, CFB Halifax, Nova Scotia, Heritage Character Statement, 85-061.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of Wellington House should be respected.

Its very good aesthetic design, functional design, and very good quality materials and craftsmanship as manifested in:
- its two-storey massing topped by a gable roof which is marked by a series of massive chimneys;
- the exterior walls of red brick construction, dressed and trimmed with granite;
- its restrained neoclassical design;
- its elaborate pedimented pavilions at either end and at the center, accented by round-headed windows;
- the string coursing and the window and door surrounds;
- the basement storey exposed by a dry moat supported by a stone wall.

The manner in which Wellington House reinforces the present visual character of the Canadian Forces Base Halifax-Stadacona as evidenced by:
- its neoclassical architecture, materials and historical association that contribute to the character of the surrounding grounds;
- its position on a slight rise of land bordering the former parade square, which gives the structure an isolated prominence within the more recently developed complex of buildings at the base.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Classified Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type


Military Support


Architect / Designer

Royal Engineers



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Indigenous Affairs and Cultural Heritage Directorate Documentation Centre 3rd Floor, room 366 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Québec J8X 0B3

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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