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Saint John the Baptist Anglican Church

Edmundston, New Brunswick, E3V, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1991/05/16

This image illustrates the straightforward wood frame construction of the building with the use of clapboards and decorative wooden buttresses in the Gothic style along with the large exterior tower and steeple.; PNB 2005
Angle view of the building's front facade
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1878/01/01 to 1887/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/03/18

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

St. John the Baptist Church is a wooden Anglican church built in the Neo-Gothic style and located prominently atop a hill at the corner of Church and Costigan streets in the City of Edmundston.

Heritage Value

The St. John the Baptist Church Provincial Historic Site was constructed over a period of years between 1878 and 1887 and based on a design provided by Anglican Bishop John Medley. This building is significant because it serves as the most northerly example of Medley’s program to build distinctive Neo-Gothic churches throughout New Brunswick. His 47 year episcopate saw more than 100 Neo-Gothic churches built in the province.

The church’s distinctive architecture, expressed in the low walls, steep gable-ends and deep verges and eves, is reminiscent of Scandinavian stave churches of the same era. These vernacular features of the Gothic Revival are among the aesthetic components associated with Medley-influenced churches throughout the province. The Anglican community’s continuing commitment to religious aesthetics is evident in the large exterior tower and steeple, a three-stage Gothic design by Canon Nicolo Franchetti, which was added to the north west side of the church in 1927.

The church has played a role in the cultural and spiritual heritage of the city of Edmundston for well over a century. It represents the presence of an active Anglican community in the predominately Francophone northwest during Edmundston’s significant late 19th century expansion of industry through railroads and lumber mills. A burial ground borders the building on three sides and reflects the church’s close ties to families in the surrounding community.

Consecrated in 1887, St. John the Baptist Anglican Church is the oldest surviving church in the city. It is acknowledged as a community landmark.

Source: New Brunswick Culture and Sport Secretariat, Heritage Branch, Site File # 44.

Character-Defining Elements

Character-Defining Elements of St. John the Baptist Anglican Church include:
- exterior architectural treatment being a straightforward wood frame construction with the use of clapboards and decorative wooden buttresses in the Gothic style;
- large exterior tower and steeple;
- central aisle nave plan unchanged from the 1880's with the original entrance centered at the west end;
- church’s relatively intact interior where the 1887 chancel is set apart from the nave by obvious ‘ogee’ brackets placed where the wall meets the vaulted ceiling;
- key elements in the building’s Neo-Gothic composition including a large triple lancet window above the altar serving as the focal point of the building’s interior, balanced by a triple lancet window over the main entrance with single lancet windows in the rest of the nave.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Province of New Brunswick

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites Protection Act, s. 2(1)

Recognition Type

Historic Sites Protection Act – Historic

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1887/01/01 to 1887/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type


Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship


Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Branch - Site File 109, Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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