Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Union Station at Thunder Bay is a three-storey, brick-and-stone, Beaux-Arts-style railway station built in 1910. It is located in the city of Thunder Bay. The formal recognition is confined to the railway station building itself.
Built as a union station by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) and the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (GTPR), the Thunder Bay station served as a passenger terminal and as administrative headquarters for the vast grain-handling facilities that were the foundation of the community. The station reflects the prosperity of the grain trade and the importance of Fort William (now Thunder Bay) as a transhipment point on the transcontinental railway lines. The construction of a union station reflects the concerns of the railway companies to reduce overhead costs and the concerns of municipal officials to consolidate services and enhance the profile of Fort William.
The Thunder Bay station is a good example of Beaux-Arts design applied to a railway station. Its use of materials of highly contrasting colours represents a departure from Beaux-Arts vocabulary.
The station retains its relationship with its wedge-shaped site, including: the tracks to the rear; an open area to the front; a large grain elevator to the east; and the viaduct to the north with remains of the original station garden beyond. Thunder Bay Union Station is considered as one of the community’s most significant heritage buildings.
Sources: Heritage Character Statement, Union Station, Thunder Bay, Ontario, April 1992; Heritage Research Associates and Great Plains Research Associates, Railway Station Report 074, Union Station, Thunder Bay, Ontario.
Character-defining elements of Union Station at Thunder Bay include:
-its Beaux-Arts monumentality, symmetry and classically-inspired detailing
-its basically symmetrical massing, consisting of a dominant, three-storey, central block, flanked by one-storey wings of differing lengths
-Beaux-Arts design principles, evident in: the projecting pavilions articulated by decorative stepped parapets; the tripartite elevational composition of the central block; and the hierarchy of window design
-its monumentality, most evident in the large, two-storey recessed and rusticated arch, flanked by strongly emphasized stonework to create a dominant, central bay
-the fine detailing of its front facade, including: decorative metal fenestration; an ornamental clock above the main entrance doors; finely carved stone medallions; small window columns; and stone detailing outlining the central bay
-its use of materials in contrasting colours to create emphasis, consisting of: red brick cladding with generous accents of light-coloured stone
-the exterior steel-bracketed canopies and pressed metal cornice
-the severely regular arrangement of window and door openings, in single, double and triple groupings
-surviving original mullioned, double-hung, wood windows
-surviving features of the original interior layout and circulation pattern, including: the ground-floor waiting room; the upper two floors of offices; and the flanking baggage/express wings
-surviving original interior finishes, including: the decorative plaster cornice and dado of the ground-floor waiting room
Government of Canada
Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act
Heritage Railway Station
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Station or Other Rail Facility
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection