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Ainslie Street South, Cambridge, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1987/07/28

General view of the Armoury, 1986.; Department of National Defence/Ministère de la défense nationale, 1986.
General view
Side view of the building, 1986; Department of National Defence/Ministère de la défense nationale, 1986.
Side View
Interior view of the Armoury, 1986.; Department of National Defence/Ministère de la défense nationale, 1986.
Interior view

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1914/01/01 to 1915/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/02/21

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Armoury in Cambridge is situated in the city’s downtown area. The large brick and stone structure projects a solid, fortified appearance. The façade features flanking towers, crenellated turrets and a large, stone-framed central troop door. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Armoury is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value:
The Armoury is associated with the development of Canada’s militia and makes a significant contribution to the city. The building is the home of the Highland Fusiliers of Canada, successor to the 29th Waterloo Infantry Battalion, formed in 1866 later known as the Highland Light Infantry of Canada.

Architectural Value:
The Armoury is an example of a smaller armoury of the 1910-1920 period.
It is constructed in a Tudor-influenced style with fortress-like detailing executed in stone and brick. The large, functional space of the main drill hall is made possible by the ability of the truss system to span a wide area. Distinguished by its good craftsmanship and functional design, the armoury also contains offices, stores and other facilities.

Environmental Value:
The Armoury is compatible with the present character of the downtown public, commercial, and industrial core and is familiar to town residents, visitors and to those traveling along Ainslie Street South.

Cambridge Armoury, Ainslie Street South, Cambridge, Ontario, Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 86-084; Cambridge Armoury, Ainslie Street South, Cambridge, Ontario, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 86-084.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Armoury should be respected.

Its functional Tudor-influenced design, good quality materials and craftsmanship, for example:
-the large scale, symmetrical massing of the principle façade with tripartite division flanked by corner towers with crenellated turrets;
-the large gable-roofed drill hall to the rear, and a towered, double-storied front entry block with large troop entrance featuring stone voussoirs;
-the red brick and limestone walls punctuated by narrow windows, stone stringcourses, copings, and crenellations;
-the uninterrupted volume of the drill hall and the overhead steel trusses.

The manner in which the Armoury in Cambridge is compatible with the present character of the public, commercial and industrial setting in downtown Cambridge and is a familiar landmark, as evidenced by:
-the armoury’s scale, distinctive design and use of materials;
-its familiarity to visitors, to people visiting the downtown core and to those travelling along Ainslie Street South.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type



Armoury or Drill Hall

Architect / Designer

Chief Architect’s, Department of Public Works



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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