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5102 Ross Street, Red Deer, Alberta, T4N, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1993/04/13

Exterior of The 1910 Calgary and Edmonton (CPR) Station Building (March 2004); Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch, 2004
Southeast view
Pas d'image
Pas d'image

Autre nom(s)

Red Deer C. P. R. Station
C. P. R. Station
Red Deer Station #2
Canadian Pacific Railway Station
CPR Station
The Train Station
Red Deer Railway Station
Red Deer CPR Station
Red Deer C.P.R. Station
C.P.R. Station

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction


Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2005/04/20

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The 1910 Calgary and Edmonton (CPR) Station Building is a rectangular, one and one-half storey red brick train station in the distinctive Canadian Pacific Railway design, characterized by a turret and a hipped roof with large dormer windows. The building sits on two city lots across the west end of Ross Street, where its horizontal silhouette marks one side of Red Deer's historic downtown core.

Valeur patrimoniale

The heritage value of the 1910 Calgary and Edmonton (CPR) Station Building lies in its association with the Calgary and Edmonton Railway, and with the CPR which took over the line in 1904. The railway played an important role in the settlement and subsequent growth of Red Deer as an agricultural distribution center. This is also a significant example of standard CPR station architecture.

The arrival of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway in 1890 had several effects on the town of Red Deer. It was relocated to the present site, five kilometres east of the original settlement, and when the land north of Calgary was opened up for settlement, Red Deer's strategic location halfway between Calgary and Edmonton made it a focal point for the distribution of supplies and services to new settlers. As a result, the CPR established Red Deer as a divisional point in 1907, and replaced the original wood frame 1891 station building with this brick structure. The station acted as a principal meeting place for the community, a reception centre for visiting dignitaries, and as the point of departure and return for troops in both World Wars. It served the city until 1985 and is the sole remaining structure of the city's once extensive railway landscape.

The building is also significant for its architectural design. It was constructed according to divisional station plan CPR X-20B prepared by CPR architect Fred Crossley. The station's structural integrity and prominent location in downtown Red Deer make it a significant landmark.

Source: Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch (File: Des. 696)

Éléments caractéristiques

The heritage value of the 1910 Calgary and Edmonton (CPR) Station Building lies in such elements as:
- scale, form and massing;
- typical CPR design elements including the polygonal tower with a conical roof, a hipped roof with large flared overhang eaves with wooden brackets, and the dormer and bay windows;
- red brick exterior walls;
- sandstone features including a rusticated ashlar plinth, corbels, sills and lintels;
- wood elements including the shingles and roof trim;
- the rhythm of the structural openings and fenestration;
- view plane to and of the building that preserves its original relationship to the streetscape.




Autorité de reconnaissance

Province de l'Alberta

Loi habilitante

Historical Resources Act

Type de reconnaissance

Ressource historique provinciale

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Économies en développement
Communications et transport
Un territoire à peupler
Les établissements

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction


Commerce / Services commerciaux
Bureau ou édifice à bureaux


Transport ferroviaire
Gare ou autre installation ferroviaire

Architecte / Concepteur

Frederick Crossley



Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch, Old St. Stephen's College, 8820 - 112 Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P8 (File: Des. 696)

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




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