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Market Scales Building

150, Provost Lane, Township of Centre Wellington, Ontario, N1M, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1993/05/10

This photo depicts the simple design of the building, which bares no elaborate features, 2007.; Lindsay Benjamin, 2007.
Façade and North Elevation of 150 Provost Lane
This photo features the brick and stone construction, 2007.; Lindsay Benjamin, 2007.
Façade and South Elevation of 150 Provost Lane
West facing façade, 2007; Lindsay Benjamin, 2007.
Façade of 150 Provost Lane

Other Name(s)

Market Scales Building
150 Provost Lane

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/03/13

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Market Scales Building is located at 150 Provost Lane, on the eastern corner of Provost Lane and St. Patrick Street, in the former Town of Fergus, in the Township of Centre Wellington. The one-and-a-half-storey coursed rubble limestone building was designed in the utilitarian style by local carpenter John Moffat and was constructed in 1904.

The property was designated, by the Town of Fergus, for its historic and architectural value, under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act (By-law 3182).

Heritage Value

The Market Scales Building is significant for its association with the Grand Trunk Railway (later CN). It was built at the same time as the “Spur Line”, a railway line which enabled the easier movement of livestock from the weighing facility to other destinations. The land on which the building was constructed was occupied, in 1833, by early settlers in a log home. One of these settlers, James Buist, was called “The Provost”, an appellation that was commemorated in the naming of the street.

The building was created entirely by local tradesmen. John Moffat, a carpenter, builder, and council member, designed the structure. The masonry work was completed by Thomas Wilkie and John Malcolm, and the carpentry work by John Smellie. The eaves trough and downspout installation was done by Robert Kerr, and the painting and plastering completed by D. Ritchie and James Bergin, respectively. The structure stands as a testament to the work ethic of the local community, and in particular to the contributions of these local men.

The Market Scales Building is one of few remaining scale buildings in Ontario. The structure is unique as it was constructed using limestone, whereas the majority of scale buildings that were constructed in the nineteenth century had timber frames and as such did not stand the test of time. Though the building is quite plain, made almost entirely of stone and brick with no elaborate features, it is an important part of Fergus's economy and a reflection of the past, making it unique and valuable.

Sources: Town of Fergus, By-law 3182; Minutes of Fergus Council, James A. Gow, Market Scales Building; News Express, James A. Gow, Weigh scales history told, Wednesday, April 1, 1992.

Character-Defining Elements

Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of the Market Scales building include its:
- location on a site used by early Fergus settlers, including James Buist,
for whom Provost Lane is named
- location in proximity to the “Spur Line” of the CPR
- stone and brick construction
- simple footprint




Recognition Authority

Local Governments (ON)

Recognition Statute

Ontario Heritage Act

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1993/01/01 to 1993/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce

Function - Category and Type


Office or office building


Food Supply
Food Storage Facility

Architect / Designer

John Moffat



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Township of Centre-Wellington 1 MacDonald Square Elora, ON N0B 1S0

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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