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Former Galt Post Office National Historic Site of Canada

12 1/2 Water Street South, Cambridge, Ontario, N1R, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1983/06/13

General view of the Former Galt Post Office, showing the imposing side tower with a clock and pyramidal roof.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
General view
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Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1884/01/01 to 1887/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/07/21

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Former Galt Post Office National Historic Site of Canada is prominently situated on a corner lot overlooking the Grand River in downtown Cambridge, Ontario. Completed in 1887, this handsome two-and-a-half storey stone building is finished in Guelph limestone and features symmetrical twin façades. Its striking design includes an eye-catching clocktower and blends elements of Romanesque, Gothic and Second Empire styles to create a unique and eclectic building typical of Chief federal architect Thomas Fuller. Official recognition refers to the building on its legal lot.

Heritage Value

The Former Galt Post Office was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1983 because:
- it is representative of small urban post offices by Thomas Fuller.

Built between 1884 and 1887, the Former Galt Post Office served an important function as the home of the post office, customs, and other government services. This post office was one of the many buildings erected during the course of a program of government construction in small communities and towns across Canada under the direction of Thomas Fuller, Chief Architect of the Department of Public Works from 1881 to 1896. The high standard of design imposed by Fuller is evident in the former Galt Post Office. Typical of his designs, the building features an round-arched entrance portico, symmetrical twin façades and a clock tower, in this case uniquely adapted to be visible from both the street and the Grand River. The steeply pitched mansard roof, as well as the use of contrasting colours and textures and the accomplished stonework, come together to create a striking blend of the Gothic, Second Empire and Romanesque styles.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, June 1983.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that contribute to the heritage character of this site include:
- its location within the former community of Galt, in the city of Cambridge, Ontario;
- its siting on a corner lot overlooking the Grand River;
- the irregular two-and-a-half storey massing with a steep mansard roof typical of the Second Empire style;
- the imposing side tower with a clock and pyramidal roof;
- the exterior walls of Guelph limestone with quoining and contrasting window and door surrounds;
- the twin symmetrical façades designed to be visible from both the street and the river;
- the original placement, design and materials of doors and windows including the Romanesque Revival style windows with semi-circular voussoirs;
- any original interior features, finishings and furnishings that attest to its use as a post office and the original Fuller design;
- the viewscapes from the building to the river, and from surrounding streets and the river toward the building.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1983/06/13

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Government
Post Office

Architect / Designer

Thomas Fuller

Builder

M.A. Piggott

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

374

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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