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Next of Kin Memorial Avenue National Historic Site of Canada

Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7K, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1992/11/06

General view of Next of Kin Memorial Avenue, showing the mature trees on either side of the avenue, 2003.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 2003.
General view
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1922/01/01 to 1923/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/08/27

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Next of Kin Memorial Avenue National Historic Site of Canada is a picturesque 0.7 kilometre-long “Road of Remembrance” located in Woodlawn Cemetery in Saskatoon, Saskachewan. The Avenue begins at a pair of stone pedestals, flanked by a wrought-iron fence, and runs northwards following the western boundary of the cemetery. It ends in a paved circle surrounding a stone memorial cairn. The asphalt-paved roadway is flanked on either side by a single row of 112 stately, mature elm trees, accompanied by bronze plaques on wrought-iron stands that dedicate each tree to a deceased soldier. Official recognition refers to Memorial Avenue and a boundary extending 14.2 metres from its centre, including the stone cairn.

Heritage Value

Next of Kin Memorial Avenue was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1992 because:
- it is an excellent example of the “Roads of Remembrance” phenomenon which developed to honour the First World War dead; and
- it is the only such boulevard in Canada to have retained its integrity.

Following the First World War, the Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire sponsored and initiated the tradition of planting memorial trees to honour Saskatoon residents killed in the war. Memorial avenues were based on two symbol-laden images. The first was the long, straight, tree-lined roads of France; the second was, as a living memorial, trees symbolizing the victory of life over death. Initially, 265 trees were planted in single rows on either side the avenue. Each tree was planted in individual memory of a deceased First World War soldier and was accompanied by a standardized bronze plaque bearing his name, rank and dates of birth and death. The tradition was later expanded to include tree memorials to casualties of both the Second World War and the Korean War. The cemetery now contains more than 1200 memorial trees, 112 of which are on Next of Kin Memorial Avenue.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, November 1992.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- its siting in Saskatoon’s north end, bounded by a residential neighbourhood on one side and Woodlawn Cemetery on the other;
- the 0.7 kilometre long, 10 metre wide roadway, extending through much of Woodlawn Cemetery;
- the existing characteristics of a Road of Remembrance, including a linear, evenly-spaced, tree-lined roadway, semi-rural setting, and a single species of tree;
- the pair of stone pedestals and wrought-iron fence that define the beginning of the avenue at the southern end of the cemetery;
- the mature trees on either side of the avenue with their bronze plaques on wrought-iron stands that dedicate them to individual soldiers.
- the memorial cairn situated at the opposite end of the avenue.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Military and Defence

Function - Category and Type



Commemorative Monument

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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