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Roman Catholic Rectory

44 Parr Street, St Andrews, New Brunswick, E5B, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2009/07/06

This photograph shows the contextual view of the rectory, 2009; Town of St. Andrews
Roman Catholic Rectory - Contexual view
This photograph shows the three cross-gables, 2009; Town of St. Andrews
Roman Catholic Rectory - Cross-gables
This photograph shows the side view of the rectory, 2009; Town of St. Andrews
Roman Catholic Rectory - Side view

Other Name(s)

Roman Catholic Rectory
Anchorage
Anchorage

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1825/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/09/23

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Built in 1825, the Roman Catholic Rectory is a wooden one-and-a-half storey, Maritime Gothic Revival residence with triple Gothic cross-gables on the front façade and a central entranceway. It is located on Parr Street in the Town of St. Andrews.

Heritage Value

The Roman Catholic Rectory is designated as a Local Historic Place for its architecture, for its association with the Catholic religion in St. Andrews and for being a contributing element to the array of heritage buildings in the Town of St. Andrews.

The Roman Catholic Rectory is recognized for being a good example of Gothic Revival residential architecture. This style is characterized by the three Gothic gables that break the plane of the roof-line. The central and largest cross-gable, with a pitched roof, is flanked by two smaller cross-gables with jerkinhead roofs. The cross-gables are heavily moulded and each contains Gothic Revival windows. Gable returns and single-storey bay windows are used in the side façade. This attractive property has beautiful grounds which, when built, occupied an entire block-face.

The Roman Catholic Rectory is also recognized for its association with the Catholic Diocese in St. Andrews. The Parish of St. Andrews is one of the oldest Roman Catholic parishes in the Maritimes. Father Mauricette, of Quebec, upon a visit to St. Andrews in 1822, sparked local initiative to construct an edifice for worship and, in 1825, the first Roman Catholic Church was built on the corner across from the property in question, where the grave sites of their parishioners are still marked. The rectory was built shortly thereafter and the first parish priest, Rev. John Cummins, of Ireland, resided there. Rev. Cummins was parish priest from 1825 to 1836. The parish of St. Andrews was erected under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Quebec as the Diocese of New Brunswick was not created until 1842. The present Catholic Church was built in 1885 and in 1888 the Rectory was sold. The Rectory is a piece of Irish Canadian history and exemplifies the strong will of the Irish settlers.

The Roman Catholic Rectory is also recognized for being a contributing element to the array of heritage buildings in St. Andrews. St. Andrews has one of the best collections per capita of heritage buildings in Canada that range from the early thriving loyalist days of the late 1700’s to the Maxwell-designed homes of the town’s early tourism era in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. As of 2001, the population of St. Andrews was less than 2,000 inhabitants. Much credit is due to the inhabitants of the town for maintaining this collection and preserving the town’s serene and relaxed atmosphere.

Source: Charlotte County Archives - Old Gaol, St. Andrews, New Brunswick – St. Andrews Historic Places File, “Roman Catholic Rectory”

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Roman Catholic Rectory include:
- triple cross-gable dormers, the central cross-gable with a pitched roof and the flanking cross-gables with jerkinhead roofs;
- Gothic arched windows in cross-gables;
- heavily moulded eaves;
- moderately-pitched gable roof with returned eaves;
- large corner pilasters;
- veranda with Gothic fretwork;
- side façades with single-storey bay windows;
- window placement and proportions;
- five-bay front façade with central entranceway.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Local Historic Places Program

Recognition Type

Municipal Register of Local Historic Places

Recognition Date

2009/07/06

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Migration and Immigration
Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Residence
Single Dwelling

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Charlotte County Archives - Old Gaol, St. Andrews, N.B.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

1809

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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