14718 Trans Canada Highway, Route 1, Clyde River, Prince Edward Island, C0A, Canada
Dog River Farm
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Atwell House is located in the rolling pastoral landscape of Clyde River, PEI, adjacent to the Trans Canada Highway. It is a rare 19th Century Island sandstone house set on the hillside and surrounded by treed lawns. The designation includes the footprint of the building.
The Atwell House is notable for its use of Island sandstone in its construction. It is one of only 8 remaining sandstone homes built in 19th Century PEI. The property that Atwell House now sits on was originally glebe land. In 1837, this land was given to Ambrose Lane by his father-in-law, Lt. Governor C.D. Smith. Lane had a varied and influential career as an army and militia officer, politician, and judge. Lane sold the land to Thomas Kickham in 1840. It is believed the house was built in 1842 using proceeds from the sale of the adjacent farm. Kickham called the property the Dog River Farm for the river running below it, later to be renamed the Clyde.
Local tradition maintains that the stone for the house was taken from the farm property, and construction was undertaken by local stone masons, Thomas and John Heartz. It is also believed that the finish work carpentry was done with timber sent from the Island to England and then returned for installation, arriving by ship at a dock formerly on the property.
In 1843, Ambrose Lane re-acquired the property and used it as a hunting lodge. After his death in 1853, it saw a number of owners and became known variously as Sherwood Farm and later Atwell House, after the family who owned it in the 1970s.
Source: PEI Heritage Advisory Committee Files
The following elements embody the heritage value of the Atwell House:
- the Island sandstone construction
- the eyebrow or "nun's hood" dormer on the front elevation
- the 21 inch cavity walls
- the "central fireplace plan" interior configuration of rooms
- the size and placement of the doors and windows
- the end gable returns
Prince Edward Island
Province of Prince Edward Island
Heritage Places Protection Act
Designated Historic Place
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Located in the Culture and Heritage Division, Department of Community and Cultural Affairs, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7N8
File #: 4320-20/A1
Cross-Reference to Collection