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John Quinton Limited Residence Registered Heritage Structure

Red Cliffe, Newfoundland and Labrador, A0C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1994/06/04

View of main facade of the John Quinton Limited Residence, Red Cliffe, NL, taken September 24, 2006; HFNL/Dale Jarvis 2006
John Quinton Limited Residence (Red Cliffe, NL)
View of main facade of the John Quinton Limited Residence, Red Cliffe, NL, taken September 24, 2006; HFNL/Dale Jarvis 2006
John Quinton Limited Residence (Red Cliffe, NL)
Exterior view of John Quinton Limited property, Red Cliffe, NL, taken from the waterside, showing (left to right) the shop, residence, fish store and salt store.; HFNL/Dale Jarvis 2006
John Quinton Limited Property (Red Cliffe, NL)

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/02/17

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

John Quinton Limited is a collection of five buildings, including a residence, shop, fish store, salt store and post office. Located in Red Cliffe, NL, the construction of this complex began in 1840. The designation is confined to the footprint of the buildings.

Heritage Value

John Quinton Limited has been designated because of its historical, aesthetic and cultural value.

The buildings are historically important because of their association with the Quinton family and their role as merchants in the community. John Quinton Limited serves as a representative example of the roots of outport autonomy, when locals began to set up their own merchant premises independent of larger outside firms. In the late 1800s, these small outport mercantile and provisioning operations concentrating on the salt fish trade began to supply smaller communities, gradually replacing outside agents representing merchants from larger commercial centres. While still participating in the truck system, outport residents now had more choice in terms of the firm they dealt with.

The John Quinton residence has aesthetic value as is a good example of outport merchant class housing in the late 1800s. The scale and massing of the house set it apart from others in the community and speak to its ownership by an affluent family. It is an excellent outport example of Second Empire style housing, with its concave-curved mansard roof, dormers, decorative eaves and symmetrical facade.
The buildings are culturally important as they are a physical reminder of a specific time and place, particularly of a time when life was intrinsically linked to the sea. The fish and salt stores served a vital purpose in a subsistence economy based on the procurement, curing and storage of fish. Withing the walls of the shop, fishermen would collect goods earned from their summer work. Both the shop and the post office would often be the scene of social gatherings where local news was shared and recent events were discussed.
Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador property designation file M-046-001, Red Cliffe - John Quinton Limited

Character-Defining Elements

All elements that define the building's Second Empire design including:
-mansard roof;
-return on eaves;
-bargeboard on eaves;
-number of storeys;
-narrow clapboard;
-corner boards;
-window size, style, trim and placement;
-dormer placement and style;
-dormer window size, style, trim and placement
-size, style, trim and placement of exterior doors;
-entablature with brackets above front door;
-size and style of veranda on front facade;
-chimney style and placement; and,
-dimension, location and orientation of building.



Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Authority

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Statute

Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce

Function - Category and Type



Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador 1 Springdale Street St. John's, NL A1C 5V5

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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