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Touchwood Hills Post Provincial Park

Kellross RM 247, Saskatchewan, S0A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1986/05/26

Cairn and interpretive plaque marking site location, 2004.; Government of Saskatchewan, Marvin Thomas, 2004.
Cairn at Touchwood Hills Post Provincial Park
View northwest toward cellars hidden in tall grass, and commemorative cairn at edge of tree line.; Government of Saskatchewan, Marvin Thomas, 2004.
Touchwood Hills Post Provincial Park
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Other Name(s)

Touchwood Hills Post Provincial Park
Archaeological Site EiNa-1

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1879/01/01 to 1879/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/06/20

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Touchwood Hills Post Provincial Park encompasses 6.76 hectares of aspen woods and meadows in the Touchwood Hills of southeastern Saskatchewan near the Village of Punnichy. The park contains cellar depressions and other archaeological remains of an 1879-1909 Hudson's Bay Company trading post, as well as a short segment of cart tracks that are remnants of the Carlton Trail.

Heritage Value

The heritage value of Touchwood Hills Post Provincial Park lies in its association with the Hudson's Bay Company and the early transportation and communication networks of western Canada. Although the post traded for beaver and other furs, its main purpose was to acquire and distribute provisions for Hudson's Bay Company operations in the Northwest. Located on the southern edge of the parkland belt near the grasslands, the post was well-situated to trade for a variety of bison products, including robes, fresh and dried meat and, most importantly, pemmican. Acquired mainly from First Nations on the plains to the south, these provisions were shipped from the Touchwood post to other company posts via a network of trails. Chief among these was the principal overland route between Fort Ellice and Fort Edmonton, the Carlton Trail, which passed through the Touchwood Hills post. A segment of the Dominion Telegraph line constructed in 1882 also passed near the post, further enhancing its role as a transportation and communication hub.

The last of four Hudson's Bay Company posts built in the Touchwood Hills between 1849 and 1879, the 1879-1909 post was one of the few western trading posts to remain in operation after the decline of the fur trade. Following several years of serving local First Nations, Métis, settlers and railway contractors, the post closed when rail networks became fully established in the area.

Source:

Province of Saskatchewan, The Parks Act, May 26, 1986.

Character-Defining Elements

The heritage value of Touchwood Hills Post Provincial Park resides in the following character-defining elements:
-elements that speak to the post’s provisioning role, including its setting on the edge of the parkland and its largely unaltered landforms and vegetation;
-elements that reveal information regarding the Hudson's Bay Company’s occupation of the site, including artifacts and cellars, mounds or other archaeological features, and the spatial relationships and environmental context of the archaeological remains;
-elements that reflect the site's role as a transportation and communication hub, including its location on the original route of the Carlton Trail, cart tracks, and any archaeological remains related to the construction and operation of the telegraph line.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Saskatchewan

Recognition Authority

Government of Saskatchewan

Recognition Statute

Parks Act, s. 4

Recognition Type

Provincial Park

Recognition Date

1986/05/26

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1879/01/01 to 1909/12/31

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Park

Historic

Commerce / Commercial Services
Trading Post
Transport-Land
Road or Public Way

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Department of Culture Youth and Recreation Heritage Resources Branch 1919 Saskatchewan Drive Regina, SK File: GR 2248

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

GR 2248

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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