Links and documents
1874/01/01 to 1875/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Lighttower, also known as the Channel Head Lighttower, located on the extreme southwestern tip of Newfoundland, is a circular cast-iron tower with a small wood frame lean-to at its base. It features a weathervane, lantern and lantern platform. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Lighttower, is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.
The Lighttower is associated with the importance of the fishery and maritime trade to Newfoundland. The Lighttower was part of a larger effort to ensure safe trans-Atlantic travel through the Straits of Belle Isle, as well as a marker for local traffic using the harbour at Port aux Basques. Its construction marked the beginning of the evolution of local communities from small isolated outposts to their eventual status as an integrated settlement serving as a rail and ferry terminus as well as a fishing post. It remains a major light on this coast.
The Lighttower is a good example of a lighttower designed and built using prefabricated cast-iron construction technology. The construction material was economical, durable and could be assembled efficiently, which made it an attractive choice for the construction of navigational aids on the rugged coast of Newfoundland.
The Lighttower reinforces the character of its maritime setting. A major light on its coast, it is a well-known landmark in the region.
Sally Coutts, Channel Head Lighttower, Port aux Basques, Newfoundland, Federal Heritage Building Review Office Building Report 88-037; Channel Head Lighttower, Port aux Basques, Newfoundland, Heritage Character Statement, 88-037.
The character-defining elements of the Lighttower should be respected.
Its prefabricated design and cast-iron construction, for example:
-the cylindrical massing of the tower consisting of several cylindrical segments and a small wood frame lean-to at its base;
-the smooth surface of the tower as a result of the segments being bolted together on the inside of the structure;
-the cast-iron construction technology;
-the weather vane, lantern and lantern platform;
-the small window.
The manner in which the Lighttower reinforces the character of its setting and is a well-known regional landmark, as evidenced by:
-the smooth tubular construction and overall utilitarian appearance of the structure in its setting among the only structures on a small island;
-the Lighttower’s role as a major light on the southern coast of Newfoundland and as a marker for local traffic using the harbour at Port aux Basques.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Recognized Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Navigational Aid or Lighthouse
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection