Home / Accueil

Northumberland County Courthouse

599 King George Highway, Miramichi, New Brunswick, E1V, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2006/01/26

Northumberland County Courthouse (1913), front view, 2006.; City of Miramichi
Front elevation
No Image
No Image

Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1912/01/01 to 1913/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/06/13

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Northumberland County Court House located on King George Highway in the City of Miramichi. It is a Romanesque Revival style government building constructed in 1912-13 of locally quarried sandstone.

Heritage Value

Northumberland County Court House is designated a Local Historic Place for its symbol of a government county body and its architecture.

Northumberland County Court House was built in Shiretown to replace the former wooden Court House built in 1829. Shiretown became known as Newcastle and now it is known as the City of Miramichi. The new building was seen as an affirmation of the town's prominence as a governmental centre for the county. The massive and imposing structure sits atop the 'Court House Hill' overlooking the former Town of Newcastle and Miramichi River.

The building's architect was Truro's Leslie R. Fairn. It bears resemblance to Carleton County Court House built in 1909 in Woodstock NB and Fairn's Digby County Court House in Nova Scotia. Northumberland County Court House was built in 1912-13 by local master builders John McDonald and Henry Ingram. The sandstone used in its construction was quarried in nearby Whitneyville. It is a good example of the Romanesque Revival style of government building.

Source: Heritage Office, Beaverbrook House Site File # 05-59

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements that relate to the architecture and symbolism of the site include:
- placement of building on a rise above street level at crossroads;
- impending view of the business sector and river;
- circular towers with conical roofs and pinnacles at corners of massive rectangular form;
- front entrance accessed by terraced stairway;
- steeply pitched hip roof clad in copper shingles;
- central frontispiece with wide round-arch opening, round headed window placements on second level and round window in gabled peak.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Community Planning Act

Recognition Type

Local Register

Recognition Date

2006/01/26

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Security and Law
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Commerce / Commercial Services
Office or Office Building
Residence
Multiple Dwelling

Historic

Government
Courthouse and/or Registry Office

Architect / Designer

Leslie R. Fairn

Builder

John McDonald

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Office Beaverbrook House City of Miramichi, Site File# 05-59

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

796

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

SEARCH THE CANADIAN REGISTER

Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Find Nearby PlacesFIND NEARBY PLACES PrintPRINT
Nearby Places