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Former Ottawa Teachers' College National Historic Site of Canada

195 Elgin Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1974/11/14

Corner view of the Former Ottawa Teachers' College, showing the façade with the main entrance facing Elgin Street and a side, 1993.; Parks Canada Agency/ Agence Parcs Canada, 1993.
General view
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Other Name(s)

Former Ottawa Teachers' College National Historic Site of Canada
Former Ottawa Teachers' College
Ancien Ottawa Teachers' College
Ottawa City Hall
Hôtel de ville d’Ottawa

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1874/01/01 to 1875/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/05/28

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Former Ottawa Teacher’s College National Historic Site of Canada is located on Elgin Street in downtown Ottawa. A fine example of late-19th century eclectic design, the building’s two-and-a-half-storey front block is a balanced composition exhibiting an eclectic interpretation of the Gothic Revival Style. The roof, in the Second Empire style, with a central spired belfry, features a gable and a lively series of turrets. The building is now part of the Ottawa City Hall Complex. Official recognition refers to the former school building on its original lot.

Heritage Value

The Former Ottawa Teacher’s College was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1974 because it is a nationally significant example of the Gothic Revival Style in Canada whose use of disparate architectural details reflects a spirit of eclecticism.

The Ottawa Teacher’s College or Normal School, designed by the architect W.R. Strickland and built in 1874-1875 by J. Forin under supervising architect James Mather, was the second institution of its type to be established in Ontario. The College continued to train teachers for Ontario until 1974. Purchased by the regional government, an office complex was constructed to the rear. After municipal amalgamation, the building became part of Ottawa City Hall.

The rectangular massing with central pavilion of the main block follows an accepted format for 19th century academic institutions, while the use of disparate architectural details including a mix of pointed Gothic-style, semi-circular and flat-headed windows, Romanesque columns, and Second Empire-style roof, reflects a spirit of eclecticism.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, November 1974.

Character-Defining Elements

The key elements that contribute to the heritage character of this site include:

- the prominent location in central Ottawa on Elgin Street;
- the principal elevation’s two-and-a-half-storey rectangular massing with its lively roofline, and two storey extension;
- the stone construction with window and corner quoining;
- the design in the Gothic Revival Style with elements from the Romanesque, Second Empire and Italianate;
- the lively and varied roofline with gables and turrets;
- the balanced placement of the doors and the windows;
- the projecting frontispiece and main entrance with decorative stonework, including Romanesque columns and round-arched windows set within Gothic Revival style surrounds;
- the pronounced stringcourse between ground and second storey;
- the surviving original interior features and finishes;
- evidence of its original interior plan and spatial organisation.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1974/11/14

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1974/01/01 to 1974/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Education and Social Well-Being
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Government
Town or City Hall

Historic

Education
Post-Secondary Institution

Architect / Designer

W.R. Strickland

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

469

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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