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70 Victoria Road

70 Victoria Road, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, B3A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1983/11/19

Front elevation, 70 Victoria Road, Halifax, NS, 2007; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2007
Front Elevation
Front elevation, 70 Victoria Road, Halifax, NS, 2007; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2007
Side Elevation
Front elevation, 70 Victoria Road, Halifax, NS, 2007; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2007
Front Elevation

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1869/01/01 to 1869/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/10/01

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

70 Victoria Road is a two-and-one-half storey wooden house situated on a steeply graded lot on the corner of Victoria Road and Tulip Street in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. The house is prominently located very close to Victoria Road, a bustling street with high volumes of pedestrian and vehicle traffic. The property has many mature trees on it and its front yard has sweeping south-west views of a graveyard located across the road and of downtown Dartmouth and the Halifax harbour beyond. The designation extends to the building and the land it occupies.

Heritage Value

70 Victoria Road is valued for its association with St. James Church, original owner Rev. Alexander McKnight and for its blend of modified Gothic and Classic Revival architecture.

The house was built in 1869 for Alexander McKnight, who was minister of St. James Presbyterian Church in Dartmouth from 1857 to 1868. McKnight is lauded for being the first pastor at the church to keep records of all baptisms, marriages and deaths. He also helped double the congregation from just 60 families in 1857 to 120 families by 1862. McKnight also worked as a professor of Hebrew at the Halifax Presbyterian College from 1855 to 1894 and served as principal of the institution from 1871 to 1894. His dual roles as educator and pastor in the community made him a well-known and respected citizen of Dartmouth. McKnight nicknamed the house Fairview because of the expansive views it provides of Dartmouth and the harbour beyond.

The building’s architecture has changed little over time and displays a mix of modified Gothic and Classic Revival styles. This combination is unique in this part of Dartmouth, making the structure one of the most compelling houses in the neighbourhood. The modified Gothic features include the building’s asymmetrical massing, steeply pitched hip roof and gables, pointed arch windows and faceted bay windows. The Classic Revival features include the detailing around the front door and the wide board trim around the faceted bay windows.

Source: HRM Planning and Development Services, 70 Victoria Road file.

Character-Defining Elements

Character-defining elements of 70 Victoria Road include:

- location close to road;
- asymmetrical massing;
- steeply-pitched hip roof with overhanging eaves and prominently gabled dormers;
- prominent corner bay window facing street with tiered, faceted bay windows, wide board trim and peaked gable roof;
- stone foundation;
- wide exposure, wood shingle cladding;
- wide baseboard trim at foundation line;
- main entrance with glazed wooden door, sidelights, transom window, wide board trim and wide staircase down to street;
- pointed arch windows under gables;
- single-storey corner addition with hip roof and gabled bay window.



Nova Scotia

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NS)

Recognition Statute

Heritage Property Act

Recognition Type

Municipally Registered Property

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land

Function - Category and Type


Multiple Dwelling


Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Inventory Site Form found at HRM Planning and Development Services, 6960 Mumford Road, Halifax, NS B3L 4P1 Website: http://www.halifax.ca/planning/herimain.html

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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