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Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers, P. E. I. National Historic Site of Canada

Brudenell Point, Prince Edward Island, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1933/05/25

General view of the memorial monument situated inside the Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers National Historic Site of Canada.; Agence Parcs Canada/ Parks Canada Agency
View of the memorial monument
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Other Name(s)

Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers, P. E. I. National Historic Site of Canada
Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers, P. E. I.
Jean-Pierre Roma à Trois-Rivières, (I. P. É.)
Roma at Three Rivers
Roma à Trois-Rivières
The Roma Settlement /L'établissement Roma
The Roma Settlement /L'établissement Roma

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1732/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/01/08

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers National Historic Site of Canada is situated at the tip of Brudenell Point, on the eastern shore of Prince Edward Island. The site comprises remains of the 18th-century Roma settlement, the remains of unidentified 19th-century buildings, and the remains of the 19th-century Macdonald commercial establishment. Designation refers to the hectare of land upon which the remains of the Roma settlement, as well as the 19th-century resources, survive.

Heritage Value

Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1933. The reason for designation, as derived from the 1998 plaque text, is:
- it is the site where, in 1732, Jean-Pierre Roma began a settlement and trading post that enhanced the French presence on Prince Edward Island (Île Saint-Jean).

In 1732, Jean-Pierre Roma established a French fishing and trading settlement that included nine substantial buildings and gardens. The settlement survived until 1745 when New Englanders destroyed it after the siege of Louisbourg. Following the cession of the island to Great Britain, Brudenell Point was uninhabited until early in the 19th century. It was owned by absentee landlords, who leased it to different individuals, principally the Macdonalds, who operated a commercial and boat building business on the point.

Sources : Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Submission Report and Minutes, October 2006.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:

- the remains, both above ground and below ground, which date to the era of the Roma settlement and derived from: the storage cellar, the company house, the blacksmith shop, the house for company employees and strangers, the trash pit, the ice house, and unidentified buildings;
- the remains, both above ground and below ground, which date to the era of nineteenth century settlement in association with the British presence, and derived from nonidentified buildings;
- the remains, both above ground and below ground, which date to the era of nineteenth century settlement in association with the Macdonald commercial establishment, as the ones that derived from the Macdonald store;
- the relationship between the site, the Brudenell and Montague Rivers, and the sea.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1933/05/25

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1732/01/01 to 1745/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Migration and Immigration
Peopling the Land
Settlement
Developing Economies
Extraction and Production

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Commerce / Commercial Services
Trading Post
Community
Settlement

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

571

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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