Home / Accueil

William Brydone Jack Observatory National Historic Site of Canada

3 Bailey Drive, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E5M, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1954/06/07

General view of the William Brydone Jack Observatory, showing its simple functional design consisting of a short octagonal tower topped with a conical roof, 1992.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1992.
General View
View of the plaque text outside the William Brydone Jack Observatory, Fredericton New Brunswick, 1992.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1992.
General View
No Image

Other Name(s)

William Brydone Jack Observatory National Historic Site of Canada
William Brydone Jack Observatory
Observatoire William Brydone Jack

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1851/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/08/21

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The William Brydone Jack Observatory National Historic Site of Canada is a small structure, consisting of an octagonal tower topped with an octagonal conical roof, with a one-storey, gable roofed portion to one side. The building is covered with wooden clapboarding, and simple wooden mouldings and brackets under the roof finish the exterior surfaces. The interior volumes are also plain and serviceable. Designation refers to the building on its footprint.

Heritage Value

William Brydone Jack Observatory was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1954 because:
-it was the first astronomical observatory in Canada.

The William Brydon Jack Observatory was built in 1851 at the instigation of William Brydone Jack, professor of mathematics, natural philosophy and astronomy; and president of the University of New Brunswick, 1861-65. Schooled in the traditions of Scottish universities, he equipped the observatory with the best instruments of the day. In collaboration with Harvard observatory he determined the longitude of Fredericton and other places in New Brunswick, and corrected errors in international boundaries.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 1954.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- its simple, functional design, consisting of a short octagonal tower topped with a conical roof, with a one-storey rectangular wing attached;
- the construction materials, simple finishes and volumes;
- the internal disposition of spaces;
- the surviving equipment;
- the building’s site and setting in relation to the University of New Brunswick campus.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1954/06/07

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Science

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Education
Post-Secondary Institution
Health and Research
Research Facility

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Québec.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

173

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

SEARCH THE CANADIAN REGISTER

Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Find Nearby PlacesFIND NEARBY PLACES PrintPRINT
Nearby Places