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189 Canada Street

189 Canada Street, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2010/06/14

Of late 19th century construction, the house fronts onto the west side of Canada Street.; City of Fredericton
189 Canada Street
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Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2011/06/01

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

This two-storey brick duplex of Italianate-inspired design overlooking the Nashwaak River, is situated on the southwest side of Marysville in Fredericton. Originally one of the tenement houses built for Gibson’s cotton mill workers, the home is typical of 19th century industrial town design.

Heritage Value

The building located at 189 Canada Street is designated a Local Historic Place for its association with the development of the former town of Marysville and for its architecture. In 1883, local businessman and entrepreneur Alexander “Boss” Gibson hired Boston architects Lockwood, Greene & Company to design a modern cotton mill. The planned community centered around the mill reflects the paternal model of 19th century labour relations, with simple but well-built workers’ homes erected within walking distance to the mill. The larger homes of overseers and managers, built closer to the Gibson family mansions, overlook the town from the highest elevation in Marysville, known as “Nob Hill.”

This red-brick tenement house, situated close to the street on the southwest side of the Nashwaak River, is significant because it is a well-preserved example of one of 39 duplexes built by Gibson for his working-class mill employees. The Italianate-inspired design and construction are typical 19th century tenement houses, with many of the building materials, including the brick and lumber, being of local origin. The heritage value also lies in its location on the southwest side of town; it is one of only three duplexes built in a row on this side, with the majority of tenement housing being built across the River in closer proximity to the mill.

Source: City of Fredericton, Local Historic Places file, “189 Canada Street”

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements identified for the dwelling situated at 189 Canada Street include:
- its location on the southwest side of the Nashwaak;
- part of a row of three homes of the same Italianate-inspired design and brick construction;
- context with the river, the mill and the town plan;
- symmetrical, two-storey, two-unit design;
- continuous hood moulding;
- simple brick cornice design;
- slightly-pitched lateral gable roof;
- symmetrical placement of segmented arch windows;
- recessed and separate entrances.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Heritage Conservation Act

Recognition Type

Local Historic Place (municipal)

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type



Multiple Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of Fredericton, Local Historic Places file, "189 Canada Street"

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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