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14 Downing Street

14 Downing Street, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2010/07/26

Front view of the brick dwelling, showing the symmetrical façade and the double entrance.; City of Fredericton
14 Downing Street, Brick Hill, Marysville
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2011/06/15

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

John Kelly, Saint John builder, constructed a number of brick tenements in the Marysville area of Fredericton known as Brick Hill. This mill-town Italianate, two-storey, red-brick dwelling, situated on the east side of Downing Street and located in the heart of Brick Hill, was constructed in 1889.

Heritage Value

The heritage value of this brick tenement building is associated with the continued development of Alexander “Boss” Gibson’s company town at Marysville, now a part of the City of Fredericton. The construction of this and several other brick tenements on Brick Hill in 1889 reflects the demand for additional housing as both the population increased and the workforce of the cotton mill expanded. Between 1884 and 1900, 55 brick residences were erected in Marysville in close proximity to the mill.

Built as a single family home, this two-storey structure was one of three tenements converted into duplexes in 1917. This conversion reflected the localized housing shortage immediately following the conclusion of the First World War.

This brick dwelling is significant not only for its location on Brick Hill, but also for its construction by builder John Kelly. Brick Hill, the residential area bounded by upper Bridge Street, Coronation Street and Downing Street, was so-named because of the preponderance of red-brick dwellings. For earlier building phases, Alexander “Boss” Gibson had hired B. Mooney & Sons, the Saint John firm which constructed the cotton mill, to construct workers’ houses. However, for this later residential building boom, “Boss” Gibson hired John Kelly. Kelly employed the same mill-town Italianate style used in the previous buildings.

Source: City of Fredericton, Local Historic Places file, “14 Downing Street”

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the brick tenement at 14 Downing Street include:
- two-storey brick dwelling, using locally manufactured material;
- symmetrical boxy massing;
- location on Brick Hill in close proximity to the former Gibson cotton mill;
- location on a street lined with homes of the same mill-town Italianate design;
- context with respect to the river, the mill and recreational facilities;
- continuous label hood moulding;
- slightly-pitched lateral gable roof with brick cornice details;
- symmetrical placement of segmented arch window openings;
- centrally placed double entryway.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Heritage Conservation Act

Recognition Type

Local Historic Place (municipal)

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1917/01/01 to 1917/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type


Multiple Dwelling


Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer



John Kelly

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of Fredericton, Local Historic Places file, "14 Downing Street"

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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