Substation No. 4
119, Carling Street, City of London, Ontario, N6A, Canada
Carling Street Substation
Substation No. 4
Public Utilities Commission Substation No.4
119 Carling Street
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Substation No. 4 is located at 119 Carling Street, on the south side of Carling Street between Talbot and Richmond Streets, in downtown London. The two-storey red brick building was constructed in 1924.
The property was designated, by the City of London, in 2003, for its historical and architectural value, under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act (By-law L.S.P. – 3348-59).
Substation No. 4 represents the expansion of hydro-electricity in the City of London. After the introduction of hydro-electricity in London in 1910 it was necessary to install transformers in substations throughout the city. The Carling Street substation, constructed in 1924, was the fourth to be built.
Substation No. 4 was one of the last Hydro buildings constructed during the lifetime of Sir Adam Beck. Beck was the principal founder of Ontario Hydro and is known as the father of hydro in Ontario. He also served Ontario as an MPP and, in London, as the Mayor.
Substation No. 4 is a fine example of the use of Neo-classical features. Characteristic of this style, the building has a box-like appearance that is symmetrical in design. Typical of Neo-classical accents, the façade is framed by Doric pilasters and their architrave frames the doors of the building. The architrave supports a balustrade in relief and two medallions flank the second-storey French doors. The flat roof is accented by two large urns located at the corners.
Substation No. 4 is also an early example of the practice of housing transformers in buildings that blended into the surrounding environment. Substation No. 4 was constructed with a formal façade to match the downtown streetscape. The design of Substation No. 4 inspired the construction of later residential-type substations, which looked like ordinary houses, throughout the City.
Source: City of London By-Law L.S.P. -3348-59.
Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of Substation No. 4 include its:
- inscription “P.U.C. SUB-STATION 4” on the façade.
- red brick construction of the façade and white brick construction of the elevations
- box-like appearance
- symmetrical façade
- two Doric pilasters
- second-storey French doors
- architrave including the balustrade in relief
- two medallions on the second-storey
- flat roof, including two large urns located at the corners
Local Governments (ON)
Ontario Heritage Act
Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)
2003/01/01 to 2003/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Technology and Engineering
Function - Category and Type
- Power Generation Facility
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
City of London
Planning and Development
300 Dufferin Avenue
Cross-Reference to Collection